Incredible India is also a warehouse of largest tribal population of the world. Statistics says tribal population represents almost 10% of India’s population with 533 different tribes. These tribal people are considered to be the original inhabitants of India and lead a life close to the nature. They inhabit some of the most untouched and picturesque environments in the country. Distant from the modern and civilized India, these people have retained their rituals and customs. Simple by nature these people are also often very curious. An entry to the lives of the tribal may require you permits but will never fail to give you an experience of another world, separated and secluded from the culture we abode in.
Following are the top 5 Places to take a Tribal Tour in India
Nagaland, which shares a border with Myanmar in remote North East India, consists of 16 major tribes. You may venture to the villages just a few hours from Kohima or visit the districts of Mon and Mokokchung, you will be enthralled by the tribal village life in Nagaland. Many people prefer to take an organized tour which may not be much for adventure lovers. You need permission to enter most of the parts if you want to experience the real life of the tribal’s. Do not miss the Hornbill Fetsival which is held every December in the Kohima district.
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
There are five primitive tribal groups that are living in Andaman and Nicobar Islands, following their own customs and traditions and resisting the wave of civilization. These are Great Andamanese of Strait Island, Jarawas of South and Middle Andaman, Onges of Little Andaman, Shompens of Great Nicobar and Sentinelese of Sentinel Islands. Unfortunately most of the tribes are on the verge of extinction due to severe lack of progenies. The tribal population of Andaman and Nicobar Islands are quite negligible. However the Great Andamanese and the Onges tribes in Little Andaman Island are being helped by the government. Till recently the aboriginal tribes from the Andaman and Nicobar Islands did not use much clothes.
The largest number of tribes in India can be found in Orissa. These tribal people with their own unique ancient live in Orissa’s remote, deep forests and hilly interiors. Most of them are concentrated in the southwest part of the state. Take a tour to Orissa to visit the tribes though some tribal areas are quite inaccessible and require permits. Moreover language is also a barrier. Puri is the best place to arrange a tribal tour. A good amount of travel is involved so its better that you keep some time in hand and believe me it’s worth the time.
Around 15% of Rajasthan’s inhabitants consist of tribes. The Bhil tribe, the predominant group, was amongst the original inhabitants of Rajasthan. They are mostly concentrated in southern Rajasthan, and certain cities that are named after their Kings who once ruled the land. The five day Baneshwar tribal fair, held every Januar in Dungarpur is a must-experience event. And the best part is that you can also join the festival of Holi in Banswara in a traditional style with the Bhils. Watch them dressed in traditional clothing,carrying sticks and swords and performing a tribal dance popular in that region. All this are enough to maximize your travelling experience.
Chattisgarh, bodering Orissa, is a small and cultural state that once used to be a part of Madhya Pradesh. One third of the population of the state is tribal who mostly concentrate in the thickly forested areas of the Bastar region. The tribes, which are predominantly Gonds, are well known for their traditional arts and crafts, music and dance, and unorthodox marriage practices. Young men and women intended to get married, live together in groups in Ghotul huts and interact freely before getting married. Dusshera is the main festival here and you should not miss it you wish to see the real tribes of the country.