India is unique in the richness and diversity of its vegetation and wildlife. India’s national parks and wild life sanctuaries (including bird sanctuaries) from Ladakh in Himalayas to Southern tip of Tamil Nadu, are outstanding and the country continues to tourists with its rich bio-diversity and heritage. Wildlife sanctuaries in India attracts people from all over the world as the rarest of rare species are found here. With 96 national parks and over 500 wildlife sanctuaries, the range and diversity of India’s wildlife heritage is matchless.
India has unmatched variety of flora and fauna that makes it extensively different from the rest of the world. Tourists visiting for wildlife tour in India , will enjoy during any season, but to experience migrating birds, tiger, leopard, barasingha and other rare species, then winter is the best season to visit sanctuaries especially for those tourists coming for wildlife tour in India. Due to water scarcity in the hot weather, animals come out in herd in search of water, therefore most of the sanctuaries are closed during summer season. Tourists can opt for jungle safari in an open jeep but the experience on elephants back is overwhelming.
Some of the good parks in India are:
Corbett National Park
Corbett National Park is world renown for its wild population of Tigers, Leopards and Elephants.
The Corbett National Park is located at the foothills of the majestic Himalayas in the state of Uttaranchal in India. The Corbett National Park inhabits a wide variety of flora and fauna. Corbett is world renown for its wild population of Tigers, Leopards and Elephants. Once a popular hunting ground of the British, the Corbett National Park was named in the honour of the late Jim Corbett, the legendary hunter-naturalist turned author and photographer, who spent most of his years in this area and contributed in shaping the park. Corbett National Park was established in the year 1936, as the Hailey National Park. With the help of the World Wildlife Fund, Project Tiger was launched in Corbett National Park in the year 1973 and this park was one of the first such tiger reserves in the country.
State : Uttaranchal, in the northern part of India
Climate : Temperature in winter’s can go down to 4 degrees centigrade at night and the entire jungle is extremely dry in the summer months as the temperatures reach as high as 44 degrees centigrade. Rainfall: 1400mm – 2800mm.
Area Covered : 1,200 sq-km.
Travel Tips : Consult your doctor before starting your tour. Check that you have all the required documents needed to visit the desired destination.
Best Time to Visit : From November 15 to June 15.
Nearest Town : Ramnagar (50 km).
Bandhavgarh National Park
The Bandhavgarh National Park is gifted with a large variety of natives in terms of Flora & Fauna.
The Bandhavgarh National Park is located in the district of Sahdol in the state of Madhya Pradesh in India. The dense forest of Bandhavgarh National Park is nestled among the Vindhya hills. Once the hunting ground of the royal family of Rewa, Bandhavgarh Natioanal Park was declared a park in the year 1968. The entire area consists of Sal forests, which is the main tree of the areas along with Bamboo. In the year 1993, the Bandhavgarh National Park was finally declared a tiger reserve under Project Tiger.
State : Madhya Pradesh, in the central part of India.
Climate : Bandhavgarh experiences climatic conditions that vary to opposite extremes. The temperature in the winters varies from 0 to 20 degrees centigrade between November and February. In the summers, the temperatures move to the other extreme and can go up to 46 degrees centigrade. Bandhavgarh has an average annual rainfall of 1200mm. The rains here give very little prior warning.
Ranthambore National Park
Ranthambore National Park is famous for its Tigers and is a delight treat for the photographers.
The Ranthambhore National Park is situated in the eastern part of Rajasthan, where the Aravali Hill ranges and the Vindhyan plateau embraces each other. The park is about 11 km from Sawai Madhopur, which is also the nearest town from the park. The Ranthambore Tiger Reserve was declared a wildlife sanctuary in the year 1957 and in the year 1974 it achieved the protection of “Project Tiger”. It received it’s status of a National Park in the year 1981.
Once the hunting ground of the Maharajas of Jaipur, the Ranthambore National Park is bounded by the rivers Chambal in the South and Banas in the North. The park possesses six man made lakes and many perennial streams winds through the entire park. The Ranthambore National Park has internal drainage and has no connection with any river system, despite two rivers bound the Park in it’s north and south side.
State : Rajasthan in the northwestern part of India.
Climate : The park experiences drastic variations in climatic conditions. The temperature range is extreme with the mercury dipping to around 2 degrees centigrade in the winters and rising all the way up to 47 degrees centigrade in the summers.
Area : 392 sq-km.
Travel Tips : Consult the doctor before you start your trip. Verify that you have all the required documents, you may need to enter India and your desired destination.
Best Time to Visit : October – March and April – June.
Nearest Town : Sawai Madhopur (11km).
Kaziranga National Park
Home to one horned Rhinos, Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary is a destination unlike you’ve seen before.
Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary one of the World Heritage Site is situated in the northeastern state of Assam in India. The Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary houses world’s largest population of one-horned rhinoceroses, as well as many mammals, including tigers, elephants, panthers and bears, and thousands of birds. In the heart of Assam, this park is one of the last areas in eastern India undisturbed by a human presence.
It was an alarming depletion in the numbers of Rhinos, due to hunting and poaching that led to the conservation of this area in 1926. In 1940, Kaziranga was declared a sanctuary. Today, Kaziranga supports the largest number of rhino in the subcontinent. The Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctruary is home to the great one horned Indian Rhino, about 900 in number. Apart from Rhinos, it is also famous for Indian Elephants.
State : Assam in the northeast India
Climate : The climate of Kaziranga park is tropical. Summer Max 35 C Min. 18 C. Winter Max 24 C Min 7 C. Take cotton clothes for summers and do not forget to pack woolens during winters. Annual rainfall 2300 mm, heavy in summer. But the monsoon months bring heavy downpours which often flood the park
Area : 430 sq. km.
Mode of Visit : Air, Rail or Road.
Travel Tips : Be careful about your requirements. Check your package before you start your trip and also consult your doctor.
Best time to visit : November-April
Nearest town : Bokakhat (23 km)
Kanha National Park
Kanha National Park – the richest tiger reserve of India.
Kanha National Park in the state of Madhya Pradesh is popular for its tiger population. If you are in India to see tigers in abundance, then this is the place for you to visit. The park is located between the Banjar and Halon valleys in the Mandla / Balaghat districts of the state of Madhya Pradesh. The Kanha National Park was established after a lot of flurry within the concerned circles regarding rampant killing of animals in the area at the time. The central Kanha valley was declared a sanctuary way back in the year 1933 but was been given the status of a National Park in the year 1955.
State : Madhya Pradesh in the central part of India.
Climate : The climate of this region is tropical. Summers are hot and humid with a maximum and minimum temperature of 40.6°C and 23.9°C. Winters are pleasant with an average maximum and minimum temperature of 23.9°C and 11.1°C, respectively. The annual average rainfall is 152 cm. The park is closed from July to mid-November during monsoon.
Area : 1,940 sq-km.
Travel Tips : Consult the doctor before starting your trip. Take all your important documents needed to enter India and your desired destination.
Best Time to Visit : Within the months of April to June and November to January.
Nearest Town : Mandla.
Dachigam National Park
Dachigam National Park is close to the beautiful city of Srinagar, the capital of Jammu and Kashmir state. Its forests and picturesque landscape have always attracted tourists from all around. The park is divided into two large sectors-the Lower and Upper Dachigam regions with altitudes of 1700 and 4300 meters, respectively. Two steep ridges encircles the parks parameters. The landscape at Dachigam consists of deep ravines, rocky ridges, steep slopes and alpine pastures. The Masrar Lake, in higher Dachigam, is at the mouth of the Dachigam River. The river is regarded as the lifeline of the park, for its meanders through Lower Dachigam region from its point of origin, thus replenishing the entire lower region. The park is home to the endangered hangul or the Kashmiri stag, the only species of red deer to be found in India.
State : Jammu & Kashmir, in the extreme north of India.
Climate : The region remains cold throughout the year. The summer season (from May to August) is cool and very pleasant with temperatures ranging from 8°C to 14°C; however, winters (September and December) are particularly harsh when the temperature drops to a range of -2 to 4°C.
Area : 141 sq km
Travel Tips : Consult the Doctor before you leave for the trip. Get enough information about the place you are going to visit.
Best Time to Visit : Upper Dachigam, May-August; Lower Dachigam, September-December
Nearest Town : Srinagar (22 km)
Sultanpur National Park
Birds of different feather flocks together at Sultanpur National Park.
Sultanpur National Park & Bird Sanctuary is located in Gurgaon district of Haryana on the Gurgaon – Farukh Nagar Road. Sultanpur was declared a Bird Sanctuary in 1971 and was upgraded to the status of National Park in 1991 by the Haryana Government.
The Sultanpur National Park is lush with lawns and trees and shrubs and masses of bougainvillea. Take a good pair of binoculars with yourself to clearly view the wildlife from a safe distance, without disturbing them. Also take a handy camera, which will be helpful in capturing some memorable moments of your life.
There are four watch towers at different points in the park to facilitate the bird lovers with proper platform to watch birds. The Educational Interpretation Center has been established here to offer proper guidance to the tourist visiting the place.
State : Haryana, in the northern part of India.
Climate : The climate of this region is tropical with very hot summers and chilly winters. Monsoon approaches this place in the month of July and continues till mid-September. Minimum Temperature 1.70°C; Maximum Temperature 22.10°C.
Area : 359 acres.
Travel Tips Consult the Doctor before you leave for the trip. Get enough information about the place you are going to visit.
Best Time to Visit : The months of December and January.
Nearest Town : Gurgaon (15 km).
Dudhwa National Park
Located in the Terrai region of Indo Nepal border at the foot hills of theHimalayas, the Dudhwa National park stretches to an area of 814 sq kms with 614 sq kms being the core area. The southern part of the national park is bordered by River Suheli (Indo – Nepal border being the northern boundary).The area was a tiger reserve till 1879, however, it was declared a national park in 1977. In 1988, the park initiated the Project Tiger.
The terrain of Dudhwa National park is extremely various with grass lands,swampy marshes and thick sal forests occupying the area of the forest simultaneously.
At a point of time, Dudhwa National Park was inflicted with the problem ofever increasing encroachment and poaching. However, due to the sincere efforts of the forest officials and the government, there has been a stop to such activities.
Location – DudhwaNational Park is located in the Lakhimpur-Kheri district of Uttar Pradesh inIndia.
Nearest Town – Palia which is at a distance of 10 kms.
Gir National Park
Gir National Park is situated in the western state of Gujarat and covers an area of 1150 sq kms with an 300 sq kms forming the core area. The topographyof the terrain is marked by rugged low hills that have very few trees. The vegetation found in the sanctuary is basically mixed deciduous with standsof teak, acacia, jamun, tendu and dhak trees spreading in between in areas covered mostly by with large patches of grasslands.
The sanctuary is the only place where Asiatic lions are found. At one point of time, somewhere in beginning of twentieth century, these lions were almost on a verge of getting extinct (a mere 20 were left). However, the Nawab of Junagadh intervened and banned hunting in all the area. By 1965, the area was declared a national park and today, the number of lions standat a reasonably good figure of 300. For a tourist visiting the sanctuary,these lions are thus a major source of attraction.
Location – Junagadh District of Gujarat
Nearest Town – Veraval which is at a distance of 42 kms.
Manas Tiger Reserve
On the foothills Himalayas in the north eastern state of Assam, is the famous Manas Tiger Reserve. This is one of those two places where the Project Tiger met with success in Assam. Sprawling over an area of around 2837 sq kms, the park extends partially into the country of Bhutan (with Manas river being the demarcation point). Initially known as the North Kamrup, the park was designated the status of a reserved forest in 1907, as anctuary in 1928 and finally a national park in 1990. In between it was declared a tiger reserve in 1973 and also got enlisted as a World Heritage Site in the year 1985. In Bhutan, the park is known as the Royal Manas National Park.
The vegetation of the reserve is mixed deciduous with the thick forest cover often obstructing the path of sunrays. In between, there are grasslands and swampy reed lands. The simul, khoir, udal, sida, bohera and kanchan are the most commonly found trees in and around the park.The months between November to April are just perfect to visit Manas Tiger Reserve. The rest of the year, the park receives heavy rainfall.
Location – The park is located at the foothills of the Kamrup district in the state of Assam.
Nearest Town – The nearest town is the Barpeta Road which is at a distance of 41 kms from the park.
Nandan Kanan A short distance from the capital city, Bhubeneshwar, the Nandankanan zoo lies in the splendid environs of the CHANDAKA forest , along the rippling water of the KANJIA LAKE.It also contains a botanical garden and part of it is has been declared a sanctuary.
It’s famous for it’s white tiger population. Nandankanan or the garden of Gods, has become a hot family favorite, with visitors getting an excellent opportunity to enjoy seeing these regal animals in their natural glory-in an environment conducive to their growth.
Endangered species such as the Asiatic lion , three Indian crocodilians , Sangal liontailed macaque, Nilgiri langur, Indian pangolin, mouse deer and countless birds, reptiles and fish have been breeding successfully at Nandankanan some of the other attractions of nandankanan are the 34aquaria which are home to a large variety of fresh water fishes . The Reptile park’s cave like entrance is guarded by a life-size tyrannosaurus inside numerous species of crocodiles, lizards, turtles and snakes share the park with natural ease.
67 kinds of mammals
18 varieties of reptiles
81 species of birds
coexist in the deeply forest boundaries.
The zoo enjoys an excellent reputaion, internationally, for successfully breeding black panthers , gharial crocodiles and white tigers in captivity.
Sunderban National Park
The vast swampy delta of the two great Indian rivers, the Brahmaputra and the Ganga, extends over a vast area. Mangrove forests, swamps and forested islands are interwoven with a network of small rivers and rivulets. The Sundarbans National Park, covering about 1330.10 sq. km., forms the core of this area. This mostly estuarine mangrove forest is the habitat of nearly 200 Royal Bengal tigers. Bangladesh lies to the east of the Park and it is estimated that the combined population of tigers in the region could well be about 400 in number. Adapting itself to the saline and watery environment, the tigers at the Park are good swimmers and practically amphibious! Traversing the mangroves by motor launch is quite an experience, for the area is completely unspoilt and very different from the more conventional wildlife park. The estuarine crocodile is often seen along the mud banks but owing to the dense undergrowth the tiger is rarely sighted. The Park is also noted for its conservation of the Ridley sea truffle.
Sunderbans, the place that owes its name to Sundari trees, consist of a large flora population like Genwa, Dhundal, Passur, Garjan and Kankra. Apart from these trees, inpenetrable Goran trees between 1.8 mtr and 3.6 mtr high covers almost the entire region. One of the most remarkable feature of this place is the bayonet like roots of mangrove forests that stick out above the water level.