Wildlife Sanctuaries in India
Wildlife Sanctuaries are defined as a space which is set aside exclusively for the use of wild animals, who are protected. Wildlife sanctuaries are also referred to as wildlife refuges in some areas. These wildlife sanctuaries are managed by the Government where rangers or authorized employees patrol the area to ensure that no one hunts or otherwise harasses the animals.
These wildlife sanctuaries are home to various endangered species of wild animals. It is a place where these animals are safe from hunting, predation or competition. To protect these wild animals and their habitat, Indian Government has established various wildlife sanctuaries and National Parks across the country. Some of these wildlife sanctuaries are popular and are know for their reserves around the globe.
These wildlife sanctuaries and national parks have become happening tourist destination for wildlife and nature lovers. Each year they attract millions of domestic as well as foreign tourists. The main objective of establishing these wildlife sanctuaries is to safeguard various endangered species of India from extinction in their natural habitat.
These wildlife sanctuaries are dotted in various distinct regions of the country. These sanctuaries are located in the majestic Himalayan peaks in the northern India to the moist Nilgiri hills in the south. These wild life sanctuaries are the most sought after tourist destination for wildlife enthusiasts.
Wildlife Sanctuaries of India
Jim Corbett National Park, Uttaranchal
Corbett National park is one of the oldest wildlife sanctuaries in India. It was established in the year 1921. Today it is one of the most popular and most frequented wildlife sanctuary in India. Every year, thousands of tourists not only from India but abroad visit this place and spend some time in tranquility of mother nature.
Gir National Park and Sanctuary, Sasangir, Gujarat
Apart from all the wildlife sanctuaries in India, Gir national park is the only place to spot Asiatic lion in the world. This is the natural habitat of Asiatic lion in the world. Over the period of time, it has become one of the most important wildlife sanctuaries in India and world.
Keoladeo Ghana National Park, Bharatpur, Rajasthan
This wildlife sanctuary has gained the status of a World Heritage site and is a heaven for bird watchers. Unlike other wildlife sanctuaries, Keoladeo become home to thousands of migratory birds like Siberian cranes, Common Demoiselle, Hawks, Pelicans, Geese, Shanks, Ducks and Pipits etc.
Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary, Kerala
Periyar is one of the most popular wildlife sanctuaries in Southern part of India. It is located high in the Western ghat mountains of Pathanamthitta and Idukki districts of Kerala. This sanctuary is home to 900 to 100 gigantic Asiatic elephants. Periyar Sanctuary is also one of the popular wildlife sanctuaries known for their Tiger reserve projects.
Pench National Park, Maharashtra
Pench is 25th Tiger Reserve in the country. It is one of the important wildlife sanctuaries of India popular to spot species like wild pig, nilgai, sambhars, chital, muntjac, gaur, macque, langur, wild boar, bears, wild dogs and four horned antelope.
Bandipur Wildlife Sanctuary Karnataka
This wildlife sanctuary is located at the meeting point of the Deccan plateau and the Western ghats in the Chamarajanagar district in Karnataka. It is amongst the most beautiful wildlife sanctuaries of India popular for its rich flora and fauna.
Bandhavgarh National Park, Madhya Pradesh
This sanctuary is located in Umaria district of the Madhya Pradesh. Amongst all the wildlife sanctuaries, Bandhavgarh is known for its bio-diversity zone in the country. The Bandhavgarh National Park is believed to have highest population of Tigers in the country.
Kanha National Park, Madhya Pradesh
This sanctuary is located in the Banjar and Halon valleys in the Mandla / Balaghat districts of the state of Madhya Pradesh. It is one of those wildlife sanctuaries where you can spot the Barasingha or swamp deer.
Kaziranga National Park, Assam
This sanctuary is located in state of Assam is one of the finest national parks that are working actively in conserving the rare One Horned Indian Rhinoceros. It is one of those wildlife sanctuaries that enjoy the status of being a world heritage site.
Ranthambore National Park, Rajasthan
This national park is located in in Sawai Madhopur district of Rajasthan state. The park started off as a game sanctuary initially which became on of the important wildlife sanctuaries of India later. It is one of the major Tiger Project Reserves of India.