India, the second largest populated country of the world is home to various tribal communities which are still unexplored. These indigenous people of India are far away from the modern world and its lifestyle. Untouched, unexplored and raw. Many of these people are still living the way they used to centuries ago. India has the largest tribal population in the world that comprises of about 84.4 million (approximately).
In Indian these tribal people are referred as Adivasi and are poorest of the rest of the communities. These tribal communities mainly survive and depend on agriculture, fishing and hunting for their food. Each community has their own language, culture and traditions. This difference is also found in their arts, handicrafts, weaves and festivals.
Following is the list of Tribes that still inhabit in deep forest area of India.
The Bodo Tribe of Assam belongs to Bodo-Kachari, the largest ethnic tribe in the area. The main occupation of the community is agriculture and Sericulture. Bodo tribals are known for their folk dances such as Bardaichikhla and Bagurumba which are extremely colorful.
Gond is the Tribal community which is found mainly in the central part of India. Specifically in Chhindwara district of Madhya Pradesh, Bastar district of Chattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Orissa. Gonds have inheritance from Dravidian culture and are the followers of Hindu religion.
The Hmar tribe is found in the north eastern region of India specifically in Meghalaya, Mizoram, Cachar, Meghalaya, Chittagong Hill Tracts and Tripura. The Hmars are the followers of Christianity and speak English, Hindi and Hmar languages. Some of the Hmar people are educated and are working toward the betterment of their community people.
The Munda tribe is found mainly in Jharkhand region but are also spread in some regions of Bihar, West Bengal, Chhatisgarh, and Orissa. This tribal community is highly respected because of their active participation in India’s freedom struggle. Birsa Munda was one freedom fighter who became a hero at the age of 25 and was known for his contribution. Today he is treated as God in Munda Community.
Oraon Tribe is the most developed tribe in India. Some of the people of Oran Tribe are highly educated and settled abroad. Many of the Oran community members have made a mark in the field of education. Earlier they depended on the forest and farms for their ritual and economic livelihood but now they have become settled agriculturalists.
This tribe is mainly found in Dauladher Range of Himachal Pradesh. People of this tribal community are Gypsies in true nature, they keep shifting their base to a higher level in the summer season. They have accepted both the religions i.e. Islam and Hinduism. Their main occupation is sheep rearing and wool making.
The Khasis Tribe belongs to Meghalaya, the North Eastern State of India. These people are inhabited in Khasi Hills district of Meghalaya. Almost 50% of the Meghalayan population comprises of the Khasi tribe. The Khasi tribe is further divided into sub tribes, namely Wars, Khynriams, Pnars and Bhois. Khasis have Matrilineal Society i.e. the descendents are recognized by the mother and maternal ancestors.
This tribe is found in the North Eastern India mainly in the regions of Jatinga Valley in present-day Dima Hasao District (Old name “North Cachar Hills”) of Assam. The Dimasa is a part of the greater Bodo Kachari group. The folk dances of Dimasa Tribe are a little complex in character. They don’t dance on the songs, their dance forms entirely depend on the instrumental music.
Chenchu tribe is Telugu speaking food-gathering tribe living in the Nallamalai forests in the state of Andhra Pradesh. Their main activity is hunting and gathering food. The Chenchus are one of the Primitive Tribal Groups that are still dependent on forests and do not cultivate land but hunt for a living.
Bhils are majorly found in Central India, i.e. the state of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Mahrashtra and far-east in Tripura. Bhils were the warriors in Maharana Pratap & Chhatrapati Shivaji’s Army.