After the inception of industrialization, engineering as a career option has become popular. There are various fields and specializations that are offered by Indian engineering colleges. Even though India is a developing country and lacks the state-of-the-art technology, it still offers quality education and the promise of a blooming career. There are many engineering colleges scattered across the country and some are considered world class educational institutes. Some colleges that provide high quality education are listed below.
The Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (also known as IIT Kharagpur or IIT KGP) is an autonomous institute that was established in 1951 by the Government of India. It is the first of the thirteen IIT’s to be established and is recognized as an institute of national importance by the Government of India. Regarded as one of the best engineering institutions in India, IIT Kharagpur has ranked among the top engineering college in the academic ranking of Indian colleges by various engineering education surveys such as India Today and Outlook.
IIT Kanpur is second among ranking after IIT Kharagpur and the courses offered include Aerospace Engineering, Chemical Engineering Civil Engineering, Biological Sciences and Bio Engineering, Computer Science and Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Industrial and Management Engineering, Materials and Metallurgical Engineering and Mechanical Engineering.
The Indian Institute of Technology Bombay is an autonomous university in Powai, in north central Mumbai. IIT Mumbai has the second oldest campus among all the other IIT’S and is the largest National institute in Maharashtra. The institute is famous for the record number of placements and thus attracts many students, not only from India but from abroad as well. IIT Mumbai has ranked as Asia’s third best institute in science and technology.
The Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi (previously College of Engineering & Technology Delhi), also known as IIT-Delhi or IIT-D, is a major college of engineering in Delhi, India. Although the college is one of the best educational institutes it has gained some notoriety in the recent past because of some ragging cases. However, corrective steps were taken by authorities and incidents of ragging have dwindled if not stopped. The various disciplines that are taught include mathematics, computer science, civil engineering, chemical engineering, computer science, applied mechanics, biochemical engineering and electrical engineering.
The Indian Institute of Technology Madras is an exquisite engineering and technology school located in Chennai (formerly Madras) in southern India. It is also officially recognized as an Institute of National Importance by the Indian government and is one of the best engineering institutions in India. It was founded in 1959 with the technical and financial assistance by West Germany. This institute ranks third among all the IIT’s in India and was established by the government of India through an act of parliament for providing world class education and research facilities in technology and engineering.
Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati is an autonomous engineering and technology-oriented institute of higher education established by the Government of India, located in the state of Assam in India. It is the sixth college in the IIT fraternity. This college is also recognized as an Institute of official importance by the Indian government. There are eleven departments which cover the various educational disciplines offered by other IIT’s; however it may not have disciplines such as applied mechanics and biochemical engineering.
The Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee is situated in Roorkee, a town in Uttarakhand, India. It started as Thomson college of Civil Engineering in the year 1847 by the British; however it was renamed as University of Roorkee in year 1949. Before independence, it awarded the degrees of the Allahabad University, and the University of Calcutta to which it was successively affiliated, including its own diplomas. It was rebuilt in 1948 as the University of Roorkee, and also has the privilege of holding the title of the first engineering university of modern India. IIT Roorkee is ranked 63 in the QS.com Asian University Rankings of 2009.
The College of Engineering, Guindy
The College of Engineering, Guindy in Chennai, is one of the four colleges of Anna University. It started in May 1794 as a School of Survey and was established as a college in 1859 under the Madras University. It is one of the oldest technical institutes in the world and in India. This institute has the distinction of introducing engineering courses from the beginning of the year 1894. Many branches of engineering were subsequently established after the introduction of Mechanical engineering courses in 1894. This is also the first institute to establish a computer center in India in 1963.
The Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University)
The Institute of Technology is the engineering school of Banaras Hindu University (BHU) in Varanasi. It has the distinction of being one of the India’s oldest and highest-ranked engineering colleges. It is a residential and co-educational institute and is situated in an outstanding campus spread over nearly a thousand acres on the banks of the holy river Ganga. The admission for undergraduate students is through IIT – Joint Entrance Examination and for post-graduates is through Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE).
VIT University (formerly Vellore Institute of Technology) is a private co-educational university located in Vellore, Tamil Nadu. The university was founded in 1984 by G. Viswanathan, who is now its chancellor. The student strength is more than seven thousand and the institute conducts an exam called VIT engineering entrance exam. The exam is for admissions to B.tech courses and other courses such as bioinformatics and biomedical engineering programs.