India is filled with various interesting places to visit. The ancient monuments and historic buildings speaks about the glorious past India once had. These building have seen various ups and downs and change of possessions. Today these buildings and monuments still stand tall and strong to tell us the story of our rich royal past.
Top 5 Historic Architectural Wonders to Visit in India
Taj Mahal, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, has been the pride of India since its inception. It is situated in the city of Agra in Uttar Pradesh, on the banks of river Yamuna. The great monument was built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, for his love Mumtaj Mahal and is also named after her, after the death of his dearest wife Mumtaz Mahal, as a memorial. The exceptional beauty of Taj Mahal has been attracting visitors all across the world.
The Heart of India is Madhya Pradesh, and the hearth of Madhya Pradesh is Khajuraho. Khajuraho is an example of rich cultural heritage of India. Khajuraho is one of the UNESCO World Heritage Site. Khajuraho is one of the best tourist destinations famous for its sculptures, temples and architecture. The realistic sculptures of the temples are famous world wide. These temples were built during the Chandela Empire. Most of the temples depict the lifestyle of a woman in medieval age. They represent life in 11th century. The Sculptures of Khajuraho are an example of a highly matured civilization. These temples were constructed in between 950 – 1050 A.D. The name Khajuraho came from the tree “Khajur” (the date palm tree) which is found in good number in this region. Now there are only 22 temples left after the natural calamities. Prior there were a total of 85 temples at Khajuraho.
Ajanta and Ellora
Ajanta and Ellora are the pride of Maharashtra, India. The rock-cut caves of both these sites are world famous and illustrate the degree of skill and artistry that Indian craftsmen had achieved several hundred years ago. Ajanta dates from 100 B.C. while Ellora is younger by some 600 years. The village of Ajanta is in the Sahyadri hills, about 99 kms. From Aurangabad; a few miles away in a mammoth horseshoe-formed rock, are 30 caves overlooking a gorge, each forming a room in the hill and some with inner rooms. Al these have been carved out of solid rock with little more than a hammer and chisel and the faith and inspiration of Buddhism. Here, for the Buddhist monks, the artisans excavated Chaityas (chapels) for prayer and Viharas (monasteries) where they lived and taught. Many of the caves have the most exquisite detailed carvings on the walls, pillars and entrances as well as magnificent wall paintings. Ajanta and Ellora has formed an epicenter of interest for those who appreciate and are eager to know more about Indian history and art.
Hampi is a small village in the southern state of India, Karnataka. It was once the capital of Vijayanagar Empire. The empire ruled southern India from 14th to 16th century. Then the village was a magnificent site with great monuments and temples. Today all you can see are the remains of the great structures. It is believed that there were above 500 such massive structures. It is a great historic site and is now listed in UNESCO’s World Heritage sites.
Janjira fort is a Jal Durg (sea fort) and is one of a kind. The fort is located near the coastal village named Murud in the Raigadh district of Maharashtra. It is the only undefeated fort along the western coast of India, despite Dutch and English East India Company attacks. It is one of the strongest marine forts of India. The word Janjira is the manipulated version of the Arabic word Jazira that means Island.