The heritage land of India has some of the best structure of bridges apart form the rivers, big dams and canals. Out of several renowned bridges country is also a proud home to some of the modern and outstanding bridges which are making their way to the international market. Out of these, Chenab Bridge is till under construction and on its way to be the world’s tallest bridge surpassing existing Viaduct de Millau, France. The modern bridges in India play a major role in making the second largest wide network of road transport in the world.
Let’s take a look at the top 10 Modern and Outstanding Bridges in India
Mahatma Gandhi Setu
The Mahatma Gandhi Setu Bridge built over the river Ganga in Patna is the world’s longest river bridge. One of the longest single river bridges in the world, it extends over 5.575 km from Hajipur at the north end to Patna at the south end. Built by Gammon India Limited, there are 48 pilers to this bridge.
Rajiv Gandhi Setu
The Bandra–Worli Sea Link, officially known as the Rajiv Gandhi Sea Link, is a hanging cable-stayed bridge that links Bandra and the western suburbs of Mumbai with Worli and central Mumbai. This 8 lanes bridge gives a huge relief from traffic for the Mumbaikars. Considered as a new landmark of Mumbai, Bandra-worli Bridge is India’s Biggest Sea Link Bridge, modern in true sense of the term.
The Howrah Bridge spans the Hooghly River in the state of West Bengal, India. Originally it was named the New Howrah Bridge because it links the city of Howrah to its twin city Kolkata. It was renamed as Rabindra Setu after a first Indian Nobel laureate and a great poet Rabindranath Tagore. Since 1943 Rabindra Setu is a definitive icon of Kolkata and was lit up in colors of Gold and Magenta on 23rd November, 2006.
Indira Gandhi Setu
Indira Gandhi Setu is also known as Pamban Bridge. It is the second longest sea bridge in India, after Bandra-worli Sea, at a length of about 2.3 km. One of the country’s architectural marvels, the meter gauge bridge stands over the Palk Straits connecting Mandapam and the island of Rameshwaram at the very tip of India. The railway bridge is 6,776 ft and was opened for traffic in 1914.
Popularly known as the second Hooghly Bridge, Vidyasagar Setu is a cable bridge built over Hooghly River, Kolkata (Calcutta). It links the city of Howrah to its twin city of Kolkata. It is a toll bridge for all vehicles. At a total length of 822.96 m, Vidyasagar setu is the longest bridge in India and also in Asia. The construction of the bridge was a joint effort of the Public Sector Undertakings and private firms, under the control of the Hooghly River Bridge Commissioners. Comprising of nine traffic tracks, second Hooghly Bridge is a unique engineering wonder.
The award-winning Second Bridge over the Narmada River near Zadeshwar, Gujurat, links Mumbai and Ahmedabad. Built in a record period of 32 months, this balanced cantilever type bridge connects Vadodara and Bharuch across Narmada River on NH-8. It consists of 13 main spans of 96.2 m and 4.63 km of approach roads.
Brahmaputra Bridge is one of the longest and cantilever type bridge over the Brahmaputra River in Assam. A drive over the Brahmaputra Bridge along the Assam Valley to the Kaziranga National Park is one the most enjoyable road drive in India. The first rail-cum-road bridge across the Brahmaputra was opened to traffic in April 1962 at Saraighat.
The award winning bridge for the ‘Most Outstanding Concrete Structure”, Jadukata Bridge located at Ranikor in West Khasi Hills District in Meghalaya, is the longest span cantilever bridge in India. Built across Jadukata River, the bridge has a central span of 140m. The bridge is near the Indo-Bangladesh border and forms a vital link on an important road in this border state. This is one of the most beautiful and modern bridges of India.
The Chenab Bridge, spanning the Chenab River between Bakkal and Kauri, in Reasi district of jammu and Kashmir, is an arch bridge under construction in India. It will be the highest bridge in the world. It will surpass the height of the existing tallest bridge Viaduct de Millau in france. The bridge is scheduled to complete within 2015.
The Naini Bridge over Yamuna River is another architectural feat in India. Built over the Yamuna River, Naini Bridge connects Allahabad with Naini across Yamuna River. It is one of the largest cable-stayed and modern bridges in India.