Beautiful gardens in India talk about the country’s aesthetic richness. Emperors and dynasties that have ruled the Indian land had patronized gardening and developed varied floral landscapes across the country. India also has numerous historic gardens that depict the best of the Islamic architecture and includes the Mughal gardens of North India such as Nishat Bagh in Srinagar. The gardens are now a storehouse for several exotic species of flora that has collected from various regions across the country. No doubt lending a hand in preserving some rare species of flora and fauna, these beautiful gardens are an absolute delight to look at and a major source of tourism for the Government of India.
Popular Gardens in India
2 million of the world’s population visits the area of the garden complexity anually. About 20 km from Mysore, down stream of Krishnaraja Sagar Dam situated is the wonderful Brindavan Garden. The 60 acres garden stands unique as one of the most sought tourist attractions on both the state of Karnataka and whole India. Modeled on the design of the Shalimar Gardens of Kashmir in the Mughal style, Brindavan garden is beautified with ample terraces, fountains, parterres, running and cascading waterchannels, lush green lawns, water chutes, flower beds trees and shrubs. The whole garden when illuminated is an enthralling site to see. The Musical and dancing fountain is the prime attraction among the visitors. It is worth visiting two times – the morning and the evening for the illumination. Today, Brindavan Gardens is renowned all over the world for its magistic beauty, and grandeur.
Botanical Garden, Ooty
Constructed in 1847 in Ooty, Botanical Garden is spread over 55 acres of land. It houses more than 2000 exotic species of trees and plants from all over the world. The garden is preserved by the Horticulture Department of the Government of Tamil Nadu. With a wide diversity of plants including different varieties of roses, rare flowering plants, shrubs, the garden is favourite among the tourists. Every year during the month of May the “Summer Festivals” is held which is an added attraction for tourists. The prime attraction of the festival is the Flower Show. Some of the attractions in the graden include a Lilly pond with colorful flowers, a one of its kind Cork tree, a fossil tree trunk which is believed to be 20 million years old.
Gulab Bagh, also known as Sajjan Niwas Garden is one of the most beautiful gardens of Udaipur. During 1850’s, Maharana Sajjan Singh took the initiative to build this beautiful garden spread across 100 acres of land. It is largest garden of Rajasthan and renowned for its copious varieties of roses. Due to abundance of rose flowers, this gardenhas got the name Gulab Bagh or Rose Garden. Situated right on the banks of Pichola Lake on Lake Palace Road, Gulab Bagh is an amazing park in the southeast of City Palace complex. The uniqueness lies in its assortment of exotic varities of roses, very rarely found in the land of our country. The arrangement of flower beds drive tourists from across the globe. Rose garden is the ideal way to take in the beauty of the nature, perfect for the nature lovers. The garden also has a public library attached to it, known as the Saraswati Bhawan Library. Garden also provides ample kids amusements including journey in train, zoo with many wild animals and birds.
Nishat Bagh is one of the few surviving Mughal Gardens which was built by Mughal Empress Nur Jahan`s brother Asaf Khan, in 1633-34 AD. It is the second largest Mughal garden located on the eastern side of the Dal Lake, 11 km from Srinagar. Literally meaning “Garden of Joy” and “Garden of Gladness”, Nishat Bagh offers a splendid view of Dal Lake, with the Zabarwan hills serving as the backdrop. This twelve terraced garden mount from the shore of Dal Lake towards the direction of the Himalayan peaks. Lavish mountains, pavilions are the major attraction for this once favorite leisure time garden of the Mughals.
Hovering at the top of Malabar Hill in Mumbai, just opposite the Kamala Nehru Park, these terraced gardens, also known as Ferozeshah Mehta Gardens offer exquisite sunset views over the Arabian Sea. The park was laid out in the early 1880s over Bombay’s main reservoir. The garden serves as an excellent retreat for the Mumbaikars and also offers a stupendous view of the gorgeous Mumbai city. Special attractions for the children are the hedges fashioned into the shape of varieties of animals and the flower clock located in the middle of the garden.
A must visit spot in Chandigarh is the Pinjore Garden covering a large area of 100 acres of land. Also known as Yadavindra Gardens, Pinjore has a great mythological value too. According to mythology, Pandavas visited the garden during their period of exile. A popular picnic spot, the garden offers attraction that includes Japanese garden, mini zoo, nursery and a number of gorgeous lawns. Pinjore garden looks stunning during the night when it is illuminated with colorful lights and the fountains look colored and dazzling. Its descending terraces also provide a miraculous effect. The best time to visit the garden is between the months of April and June when the garden is in festive mood of the Baisakhi Festival and the annual mango festival.
Lodhi garden is a park located in Delhi. Established by the Sayyids and Lodis in the 16th century, the vast grounds of Lodi Garden are famous for several tombs that are situated in the garden belonging to that era. It contains Mohammed Shah’s Tomb, Sikander Lodhi’s Tomb, Sheesh Gumbad and Bara Gumbad tombs and the architectural works of the 15th century of Sayyids and Lodis. The site is now under the maintenance of the Archeological survey of India. The park is also a popular place for health freaks and houses a spiral shaped lake, a National Bonsai Park and a Glass House. It is one of the few left places in Delhi to relax in the laps of nature and hear the birds chirping.
Sim Park is the landmark of the second largest hill station Coonoor in the state of Tamil Nadu. This is a 12-hectare park, founded by Englishmen Major Murray and Mr. J.D. Sims in the year 1874. Sim Park is also home to an assortment of 1,000 exotic plant species which include tree ferns, pines, magnolia, camellia and some very rare and old trees. It’s a natural garden in Coonoor and plays a host to a popular annual Fruit Show. It is an ideal place for a leisurely walk amidst natural surroundings.
Indian Botanical Garden
The Indian Botanical Garden is located at Shibpur in the Howrah district of the city of Kolkata. The garden is famous for its varied collections of orchid’s palms, bamboos and plants of the screw pine genus. The garden is sprawled over 270 acres on the west bank of the River Hooghly over which 1,700 plant species are cultivated. Botanical Garden, Kolkata was founded in 1787 by the East India Company for getting accustomed with new plants of commercial value and growing spices for trade. Apart from the varieties of birds housing in this garden, one of the major attraction of the Botanical Garden is the world`s largest Banyan Tree.
The Jawaharlal Nehru Botanical Garden
Jawaharlal Nehru Botanical Garden is one of the very popular tourist hangouts in Sikkim, 24 kilometers away from Gangtok and is easily accessible by road. Established in the year 1987 the garden is now preserved by the Forest Department. It is an idyllic spot for the nature lovers as the garden is festooned with varied species of flora including some exotic species as well as some endangered ones. Numerous species of plants typically from the Himalayan range thrive here including the Bamboos. Over 50 different species of tree can be identified here. A large area is totally dedicated for kids amusement.