Rangoli in India is probably one of the most popular and traditional art. It is an art of painting the floor with various colors and beautiful patterns. Most of the time these designs are drawn free hand and then filled with colors. The colors used in these designs are very bright and eye catching. The Rangoli patterns differ from region to region and state to state.
The most attractive of all (my view) is the Rangoli designs with flowers. These designs look so attractive, soothing and fresh. Almost all types of flowers in all the colors are used to create intricate designs. This art of making Rangoli designs with flowers originated in the southern state of India Kerala, also known as God’s Own Country. Today these arrangements have become a common practice across India.
The themes of the Rangoli differ from mythological, to nature, to contemporary depending upon the choice of the maker. The person is free to think creatively and create his own design and style.
Normally the rangoli arrangements are made at the entrance of the house on special occasions and festivals. Rangoli is not called “Rangoli” all across the country, it has different names. In Garhawal it is called ‘alpana’, in Andhra Pradesh it is called ‘muggu’ and is made not using flowers but soaked rice grinded to make thick paste. In Bengal it is called ‘apana’, in Gujarat it is known as ‘sathiya, in Karnataka it is known as ‘rangoli’ and here the designs are made using geometrical patterns. In Kerala is is known as ‘puvidal’, in Madhya Pradesh it is called ‘chowk purna’, in Maharashtra it is called ‘rangvalli’, in Orissa it is called ‘ossa’, in Rajasthan it is known as ‘mandana’ in Tamil Nadu it is known as ‘kolam’ and in Uttar Pradesh it is known as ‘sona rakhna’.