Qutub Minar – The Fluted Red-Sandstone Tower of Delhi
Qutub Minar is one of Delhi’s most popular landmark which stands at 73 meters and is second tallest minar in India. The fluted red-sandstone tower is famous for its architecture, history, design. It is located in the Mehrauli area of Delhi, India. Made of red sandstone and marble, Qutub Minar is a tall tapering tower with a diameter measuring 14.32 meters (47 feet) at the base and 2.75 meters (9 feet) at the peak.
The insides of the tower has a circular staircase with 379 steps which leads from the bottom to the top most floor. However, since 1981, the entry to the inside of the tower has been restricted. It is because of a stampede incident that took place inside the tower leaving 45 visitors dead.
Qutub-ud-din Aibak, the founder of the Delhi Sultanate, began constructing the bottom storey of Qutub Minar in 1220 AD. The minar is made of red sandstone covered with intricate carvings and verses from the Qur’an. The first three storeys of Qutub Minar are made of red sandstone; the fourth and fifth storeys are of marble and sandstone. At the foot of the tower is the Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque, the first mosque to be built in India.
Qutub Minar, today, is one of the most frequented historic sites in Delhi. Tourists coming in from all over the world to Delhi, make sure to visit this marvelous monument at least once to see the proof of expert Indian architects of that era combined with the Islamic influence and sheer stature of the minar. Qutub Minar, undoubtedly, i s one of the defining symbols of India.