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Indian Fiction-Must Reads

Indian Fiction-Must Reads

Indian writers have distinguished themselves not only in traditional Indian languages but also in English. Indian writers have established a place in the fiction category as well. Many of their Books have gone on to become Bestsellers not only in India but around the world. VS Naipaul, Salman Rushdie, Arundhati Roy and Kiran Desai have won the prestigious Man Booker Prize, with Salman Rushdie going on to win the Booker of Bookers. If you haven’t yet had a bite of Indian literature or would like to read some more, here’s a list of some of the Best Indian Fiction you must read.

Love and Longing in Bombay by Vikram Chandra

Title: Love and Longing in Bombay
Author: Vikram Chandra
Price: Rs 250
Vikram Chandra’s second book, a collection of short stories. In a waterfront bar in Bombay, an enigmatic civil servant tells stories to a group of friends. In “Dharma,” an old soldier returns home to find that his house is haunted by the spirit of a small child; in “Shakti,” two great ladies engage in ruthless drawing-room warfare; in “Kama,” a policeman investigating a murder journeys into the mysteries of his own heart…

Review:Immensely absorbing … Impeccably controlled, intelligent, sensuous and sometimes grim, Chandra’s timeless and timely book is remarkably life-affirming, considering the dark areas of the heart he explores. — Publisher’s Weekly (USA).

A Fine Balance by Rohinton Mistry

Title: A Fine Balance
Author: Rohinton Mistry
Price: Rs 225
A Fine Balance, critically Mistry’s most successful work to date, tells the story of four characters (Maneck, Dina, Ishvar and Omprakash ) and the impact of Indira Ghandhi’s state of emergency on them. One of the most successful aspects of this book is its carefully crafted prose:
The morning express bloated with passengers slowed to a crawl, then lurched forward suddenly, as though to resume full speed. The train’s brief deception jolted its riders. The bulge of humans hanging out of the doorway distended perilously, like a soap bubble at its limit.

This intricate opening paragraph, which is typical of the precise prose of A Fine Balance throughout, helps propel the novel forward through what is one of the most memorable portraits of post-Independence India ever written.

Review:“It is impossible not to seethe at the injustices of the police state, and impossible not to take these characters passionately to heart: this is a novel that can stand with the best of Dickens.”-New Yorker

The Interpreter of Maladies by Jhumpa Lahiri

Title: Interpreter of Maladies
Author: Jhumpa Lahiri
Price: Rs 195
Jhumpa Lahiri’s Interpreter of Maladies, a debut collection of short stories, is nothing less than a work of art. Ms. Lahiri won the 2000 Pulitzer Prize for Literature, and other prizes as well, for good reason.
The cast of characters is interesting and quite far-ranging: a young American boy, a middle-aged man giving tours in India, a young American woman. All the stories involve Indian immigrants or their children and take place mostly in the U.S. — Boston is a favored locale — although some stories are also set in India, notably the title story, “Interpreter of Maladies.”

Review:…The stories have] very unHollywood-like denouements that are Lahiri’s trademark — endings with multiple stray ends that leave you asking what happened next. Kind of like in real life.-AsianWeek – Heather Harlan

The Impressionist by Hari Kunzru

Title: The Impressionist
Author: Hari Kunzru
Price: 550
In India, at the birth of the last century, an infant is brought howling into the world, his remarkable paleness marking him out from his brown-skinned fellows. Revered at first, he is later cast out from his wealthy home when his true parentage is revealed. So begins Pran Nath’s odyssey of self-discovery – a journey that will take him from the streets of Agra, via the red light disrict of Bombay, to the green lawns of England and beyond – as he struggles to understand who he really is.

Review:‘Combines a very readable, effortlessly witty style with fantastic imagery, which takes you from dusty, sleepy Agra to hot, fragrant Africa. Brilliant and funny, a must read to while away the languid, sweaty days of summer when the electricity sighs and fades out at noon and the water cometh not’-Bulbul Sharma, Today

The God of Small Things by Arundhati Roy

Title: The God of Small Things
Author: Arundhati Roy
Price: Rs 250
In her first novel, award-winning Indian screenwriter Arundhati Roy conjures a whoosh of wordplay that rises from the pages like a brilliant jazz improvisation. The God of Small Things is nominally the story of young twins Rahel and Estha and the rest of their family, but the book feels like a million stories spinning out indefinitely; it is the product of a genius child-mind that takes everything in and transforms it in an alchemy of poetry. The God of Small Things is at once exotic and familiar to the Western reader, written in an English that’s completely new and invigorated by the Asian Indian influences of culture and language.

Review:“The quality of Ms. Roy’s narration is so extraordinary at once so morally strenuous and so imaginatively supple that the reader remains enthralled all the way through.”- New York Times Book Review

Swami and Friends by R K Narayan

Title: The God of Small Things
Author: Arundhati Roy
Price: Rs 199
Swami and Friends is the first of a trilogy of novels written by RK Narayan, a celebrated English novelist from India. The novel, which is also Narayan’s first, is set in pre-independence days in India, in a fictional town – Malgudi, which has almost become a real place in India today, due to the wide recognition and popularity of Narayan’s many novels. His novels are known for their ‘deftly etched characters, his uniquely stylized language and his wry sense of humor’.
Swami and Friends is the story of a 10-year-old boy, growing up during this particular time, his innocence, wonder, mischief and growing pains. He is a student at Albert Mission School, a school established by the British which gives importance to Christianity, English literature and education. His life is dramatically changed when Rajam – a symbol of colonial super power – joins the school and he and Rajam become friends.

Review:“The novels of R.K. Narayan are the best I have read in any language for a long time. . . . His work gives the conviction that it is possible to capture in English, a language not born of India, the distinctive characteristics of Indian family life.”-Amit Roy, Daily Telegraph.

BPO: Ground Realities

BPO Ground realities

A BPO career is today the most debated topic by the younger generation. One cannot avoid the ripples created by it. There are many perceptions and misconceptions about the BPO industry and, especially, the international voice-based call center industry. While many of the perceptions are true, there are a lot of myths as well that have little connection to actual ground realities. This article attempts to bring to light some “ground realities”.

Myth No 1: BPO is like the dotcom phenomena where all the hype is going to be short-lived.

BPO is a well-established industry built on solid infrastructure of people, processes and technology. This was the same thought in people’s minds when the IT boom started. People are still reaping the benefits of IT growth. India shot to prominence due to the software industry. Today the world recognizes India — as the ideal destination in terms of people infrastructure, quality of service and costs. According to a Nasscom report, the BPO industry is set to grow up to USD 7.3 billion in FY 2005-06 with new business segments getting added to the kitty, almost every quarter.

Myth No 2: BPO Industry is a parking lot for freshers and not a place for a long term, mature career.

The BPO industry is not a parking lot, but provides long term career growth. It encourages fresh graduates to apply. They can grow from a customer service officer to a Head of Program and above in about 4-6 years depending on performance and ability of the person. There are qualified people as well, who join at the higher levels such as Managers, VPs etc. They make lateral moves from various backgrounds such as training, hospitality, retail, customer service etc. MBAs and CA`s have also found themselves challenging profiles in this industry. The technically qualified group often gets placed in the IT helpdesks and other technical fields. Yes, the major recruitment happens at the fresher level.

Myth No 3: Career prospects are low as there isn’t much learning in the industry.

This is a big one, myth that is. The BPO industry offers direct on the job learning in a international environment in specific industry verticals or processes. Employees in the industry become experts in specific processes or in a vertical like Insurance or Retail. The BPO industry creates knowledge workers and not just process workers. The industry provides international exposure- in terms of global clients, best practices, domain knowledge and business communication skills. Employees can also look at opportunities in various fields such as project management, training, quality, Information Technology and sales.

Myth No 4: BPO Jobs are monotonous in nature.

There are people who like doing 10 different things and there are people who like to do one thing but in 10 different ways. A BPO /Call center job is for the second strata of people. A customer service officer may spend 7 hours managing transactions whether data or voice, team lead — 5 hours. Each transaction is a different experience and takes great skill to tackle issues, which could belong to a spectrum of categories. One has got to remember that a BPO is not just about attending a call or completing a transaction, but also includes various modes of customer interactions ia email, chat, etc and the nature of the job is also not always ‘real time’. This gamut is an exciting learning experience wherein people learn business communication and problem solving skills. At companies like 24/7 Customer, employees get the opportunity to make inter-departmental moves during internal promotions. People are encouraged to shift roles — Example: movement within an industry vertical in operations, operations to marketing, or training or quality. They are also provided with additional skills in that area, enabling them to grow in the organization.

Myth No 5: BPO Jobs are frustrating with the odd work hours (night shifts) for long periods of time.

Rather than leaving the industry, most youngsters are busy job-hopping due to the tremendous opportunities available within the industry. The difficulties associated with night shifts are highly exaggerated. There are people from the other industries working at nights — hotel, hospitals, banks etc. Yet people do not seem to talk about them. Also BPO companies have other functions such as finance, administration, training etc — all of which does not necessarily operate in the night.

 

New Stars of Bollywood

Bollywood

Move over the Khans,the Kajols, Ranis, Shilpas and Preitys. There is a new brigade in Town. They are multi talented and fresh with a passion for acting. These are the new stars of Bollywood and are here to stay.

They are young,bold with lot of attitude…Watch out for them…

Jiah Khan

She debuted in Ram Gopal Varma’s ‘Nishabd’ pairing with none other than the Big B himself. It couldn’t have been better than this for any debutant. She created quite a stir playing the role of a youngster in love with a 60-yr-old man. She’s awaiting her forth coming movie – ‘Ghajini’, where she is acting along with Aamir Khan.

Ranbir Kapoor

Winner of Debutant award 2007, Ranbir Kapoor has shot to the lime light with his movie ‘Saawariya’. His acting has been compared to that of his grandfather Raj Kapoor. Working along side Sonam Kapoor, another debutant, Ranbir got a chance to be directed by Sanjay Leela Bansali of the ‘Black’ and ‘Devdas’ fame. He has got great reviews from film raters and critiques. Ajab Prem ki Gazab Kahani didn’t do well on box office but Ranbiir’s work was appreciated. Recently released box office Rockstar was one of his best performances.

Sonam Kapoor

Coming from filmy background, like co-star Ranbir, Sonam Kapoor got a good launch with ‘Saawariya’. But the actor has earned her role, by assisting Sanjay Leela Bansali during the making of movie ‘Black’. In the movie, she enacted the role of a mysterious lady wearily awaiting her long lost love. Her stunning and haunting looks along with her coy and quiet character has displayed her acting skills. She is acting in the coming movie ‘Delhi 6’, opposite Abhishek Bachchan, directed by Rakesyh Omprakash Mehra.

Deepika Padukone

Paired opposite to Sharukh Khan in her first hindi movie ‘Om Shanti Om’, bagged her the Female Debutant award. Starting out as a model, before entering movies, Deepika has been seen in many adverisements like ‘Liril’ and ‘Close-up’. Deepika is also being linked to actor Ranbir Kapoor with whom she’s acting in the next movie ‘Bachna Ae Haseenon’. She also worked in ‘Chandni Chowk to China Town’ with Akshay Kumar.

 

Indian Music : Origin and Evolution

Indian Music

India has got one of the oldest musical traditions and heritages in the world. One can finds its origin in the Vedas(ancient scripts). Known as ‘sangeet’ in India, the nation’s music has got a unique and varied style as compared to other music forms in the world.

‘Sangeet’ is a combination of three art forms namely vocal music(gayana), instrumental(vadana) and dance(nritya). These are again based on two important aspects, ‘Taal'(rhythym) and
‘Raag'(melody)

The Earlier Days of ‘Sangeet’

In the earlier days, when Indian music was just coming of age, the music was devotional in nature. It was restricted only to temples and used for ritualistic purposes. It is said that the sound that pervades the whole universe, i.e. Nadabrahma, itself represents the divinity. Organized Indian music owes its origin to the Samaveda. The Veda has all the seven notes of the raga karaharpriya in the descending order. The earliest Raga is speculated to be ‘Sama Raga’. Theories and treatises began to be written, how the primitive sound ‘Om’ gave rise to the various notes.

Then later on forms like ‘Prabandh Sangeet’, which was in sanskrit, and ‘dhruvapad’, in hindi became popular. With the coming of the Gupta era, which is considered as the golden era in the development of Indian music, the music treatises like ‘Natya Shastra’ and ‘Brihaddeshi’ were written.

The Persian Influence – Sufism

The ‘sufi’ influence in the hindustani music during the medieval period were fused with ideas from Persian music, particularly through the influence of sufi composers like Amir Khusru and Tansen. However, Amir Khusru is erroneously referred to as the inventor of the sitar and tabla and numerous musical forms which were not developed until many centuries after his death.

He symbolizes a crucial turning point in the development of Indian music. Amir Khusru is an icon representing a growing Persian influence on the music. This influence was felt to a greater extent in the North than in the South. The consequence of this differing degree of influence ultimately resulted in the bifurcation of Indian music into two distinct systems; the ‘Hindustani sangeet’ of the North and the ‘Carnatic sangeet’ of the South.

‘Hindustani’ Music

Indian music got divided after the 14th century. Hindustani music seems to have been profusely influenced by the music of Persia and Arabia. It emphasizes on the musical structure and the possibilities of improvisation in it. The main architect of the existing system of Hindustani music was Pandit V N Bhatkhande, who was responsible for the classification of the Ragas into the 10 ‘thats’. Hindustani music has a number of embellishments and ornamentations or Gamaks like Meend, Kana, Murki, etc. which enhances its aesthetic appeal. The tabla plays a very important role in maintaining the rhythm during a Hindustani concert. There are a number of Tals like Ek-Tal, Jhap-Tal, Dadra, Teen-Tal and so on. Each Tal has its own characteristics.

Dhrupad is the oldest and perhaps the grandest form of Hindustani vocal music. It is said to have descended from an older form called the prabandha (nonexistant today) and adapted for court performance during the reign of Raja Man Singh Tomar of Gwalior. Dhrupad has been on the decline since the 18th century.

Khayal is the most prominent genre of Hindustani (vocal) music. Its origins are a mystery. Some people trace its origins to “Sadarang” Nyaamat Khan – a beenkaar in the Mughal court of Muhammad Shah “Rangila”.

Thumree originated from Lucknow and Banaras in the 19th century. This genre is considered to be “light classical” music. Thumrees are composed in lighter raagas and have simpler taalas. There is no aalaap-type improvisation in this genre.

Daadra is another genre of “light classical” music. It bears a close resemblance to the Thumree.

‘Carnatic’ Music

Carnatic music is ‘kriti’ based and ‘saahitya’ (lyric) oriented. It is said to have maintained the pure form of Classical music based on ‘ragas’ and ‘taalas’ retaining the traditional octave. Spiritualism has always been the prominent content of Carnatic music. One of the greatest influences in the development of Karnatic music was that of the immortal bard, Purandara Dasa. He composed the ‘Swaravali'(simple exercises based on the Scale), ‘Alankaras'(exercises based on the seven basic Talas) and ‘Gitams'(simple melodic compositions in praise of the various deities). He also created the musical form, ‘Kriti’ which was later perfected by the great composer ‘Thyagaraja’.

Carnatic music is not based on logarithmic division but on rational division. An octave is based on the ratio 1:2, Pa is located through the ratio 2:3. Similar definitions exist for all the twelve ‘swarasthanas’. A few centuries ago, Western classical music too was based on rational division (the resulting scale was called as the natural scale), but this has given way to the equally tempered (also called chromatic) scale produced by logarithmic division.

Carnatic music is one of the very few musical forms in the world that have not lost their traditional character due to the influence of Western culture. On the contrary, Carnatic music has enhanced its traditional character by borrowing good things from other systems of music. The introduction of the violin is a very good example of a positive influence.

Instruments of Indian Music

Being monophonician in nature,Indian classical music is based around a single melody line. The performance of a composition begins with the performers coming out in a ritualized order — drone instruments, then the soloist, then accompanists and percussionists. The musicians begin by tuning their instruments. This process often blends naturally into the beginning of the music. Indian musical instruments used in classical music include veena, mridangam, tabla, kanjira, tambura, flute, sitar, gottuvadyam, violin and sarangi.

Folk Music

People think that folk music is same as tribal music. Folk music is a mere rustic reflection of the larger Indian society, whereas tribal music often represents cultures that are very different. Some of these tribal cultures are throwbacks to cultural conditions as they were thousands of years ago. Folk music is not taught in the same way that Indian classical music is taught. There is no formal period of apprenticeship where the student is able to devote their entire life to learning the music, the economics of rural life does not permit this sort of thing. The musical practitioners must still attend to their normal duties of hunting, agriculture or whatever their chosen profession is.

Music in the villages is learned almost by osmosis. From childhood the music is heard and imbibed along with ones mother’s milk. There are numerous public activities that allow the villagers to practice and hone their skills. These are the normal functions which synchronize village life with the universe.

The music is an indispensable component of functions such as weddings, engagements, and births. There is a plethora of songs for such occasions. There are also many songs associated with planting and harvesting. In these activities the villagers routinely sing of their hopes, fears and aspirations.

Musical Instruments

Musical instruments are often different from those found in classical music. Although instruments like the tabla may sometimes be found it is more likely that cruder drums such as daf, dholak, or nal will be used. The sitar and sarod which are so common in the classical genre are absent in the folk music. One often finds instruments such as the ektar, dotar, saringda, rabab, and santur. Quite often they will not even be called these names, but may be named according to their local dialect. There are also instruments which are used only in particular folk styles in particular regions. These instruments are innumerable.

The Top 20 Business Schools in India

Business Schools in India

Business Schools in India

Indian business schools (B-Schools) such as the IIMs (Indian Institute of Management) at Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Calcutta, XLRI are world famous for the quality of students it churns out year on year. IIMs have historically the highest number of students who become enterpreneurs in their professional life. The demand for these B-School students has consistently grown over a period of last few years.

These are the schools that are generally regarded as the top B-Schools in India (in no particular order):

1. Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad (IIM A)

Regarded to be the best of the best business schools in India, IIM Ahmedabad. offers four programmes in Management. The PGP – Post Graduate Program (equivalent to MBA), the FPM – Fellowship Program in Management(equivalent to Ph.D), the FDP – Faculty Development Program for Management teachers and Trainers and the MDP – Management Development Program – a refresher for middle and top level managers.

2. Indian Institute of Management, Calcutta (IIM C)

The oldest of the IIMs, established in Kolkatta, IIM Calcutta is amongst the top three B schools in India. The institute offers three full time programs. The PGDM – Post Graduate Program in Management (equivalent to MBA), the FPM – Fellowship Program in Management, the PGDCM – Post Graduate Diploma in Computer Aided Management. The institute also offer part time PGDBM – Post Graduate Diploma in Business Management for managers with relevant work experience. In addition, MDP – Management Development Programs are held in regular intervals for middle and top level managers.

3. Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore (IIM B)

IIM Bangalore offers two year full time PGP – Post Graduate Program in Management (equivalent to MBA) and a FPM – Fellowship Program in Management. Both these programs require the candidate to take CAT. The institute also offers part time non residential PGSM – Post Graduate Program in Software Enterprise Management. There is a separate entrance test for this program. This business school is ranked amongst the top three business schools in the country.

4. Indian Institute of Management, Lucknow (IIM L)

IIM Lucknow offers a two year full time residential PGP – Post Graduate Program in Management and a four year FPM program. Both these programs require a candidate to take CAT. The institute also has an interesting student exchange program where students of this B-School go to premier B-Schools the world over and do part of their education. Students and faculty from these internationally reputed B-Schools in turn visit IIM Lucknow. It is ranked amongst the top five B-Schools in India.

5. XLRI – Xavier Labour Research Institute, Jamshedpur

Xavier Labour Research Institute, popularly known as XLRI was established in 1949 at Jamshedpur. The institute offers two courses at the post graduation level in management – a post graduate diploma in Business administration and a post graduate diploma in Personnel Management and Industrial Relations (PMIR). Online version of the brochure is also available.

6. ISB – Indian School of Business, Hyderabad

Indian School of Business, Hyderabad is emerging as a preferred choice for MBA aspirants who want to pack in the program into a one year course. As it gradually builds up its permanent faculty base, the ISB has created a unique and sustainable visiting faculty model with some of the world’s leading academicians from Wharton, Kellogg, Harvard, Stanford, Chicago, Duke and Texas among others. The school offers a one year Post Graduate Program in Management.

7. FMS – Faculty of Management Studies, University of Delhi

FMS is amongst the top 10 B-Schools in the country and probably one of the two attached to a university amongst the top ten. The full time program of FMS started in 1967. Generally the demand for students is very high where most of the times students being placed within a day or two.

8. Indian Institute of Management, Indore (IIM I)

The Indian Institute of Management, Indore (IIMI) is the latest addition to the IIM community. IIMI has a two-year post graduate programme emphasizing on Experiential learning, IT orientation, and Social Sensitivity. IIM-I offers the following programs viz., (a) The Post Graduate Programme (PGP), a two year programme (b) Management Development Programme. These are held throughout the year. (c) Faculty Development Programme (FDP) is designed to assist in the development of teachers, researchers, and trainers for management education and (d) Executive Post-Graduate Programme (Exe-PGP) a 18-months programme, designed for working executives.

9. Indian Institute of Management, Calicut (IIM K – Kozhikode)

Established in 1996, The Indian Institute of Management Kozhikode, IIMK is the fifth Indian Institute of Management. Its academic programmes encompass a range of long term full time diploma programmes such as the Post Graduate Programme in Management, and a number of short duration executive education programmes. The institute also offers an “Interactive Distance Learning Programme”

10. Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies, Mumbai (JBIMS)

The Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies, (JBIMS) was established by the University of Bombay in 1965 in collaboration with the Graduate School of Business, Stanford University with the objective of pioneering and furthering post – graduate management education in India. JBIMS has been ranked in Asia’s Top 25 business schools by Asia Inc.

Blue Frog Club-Mumbai’s Hottest Club

Blue-Frog-Lounge

Blue-Frog-Lounge

Everybody is going crazy about Mumbai’s Blue Frog, opened earlier this year. It’s a 1,000-square-meter complex that includes a club, restaurant, lounge, sound stage, recording studio and sound lab, all encased within the massive walls of an old warehouse in Mumbai’s mill district.

Blue Frog Club is Mumbai’s premier live music performance space. Housed in a 6,000 square foot defunct warehouse in Lower Parel, the club blends acoustic excellence and lush, opulent ambience design with live performances, inventive cuisine and an excellent bar.

Live music runs 6 nights a week, EVERY week, with international artists featured regularly. Genres of music range from jazz, blues, funk, soul and afro/latin to electronic, club, rock, folk and lots more.

Each pod is acoustically treated, and is surrounded by specialized coloured lighting that gives you an immersive experience of the show.

Designers Chris Lee and Kapil Gupta formerly of Chris Lee Architects and Contemporary Urban, and now of Serie (London and Mumbai) have managed to create a cohesive yet exciting space by stripping the visual cues down to a only a few very strong ones.

The equilibrium-challenging effect is achieved by the clever surround-millwork that uses a circle as its main form. The mahogany-paneled millwork circles each round table, forming circular booths or pods in somewhat varying shapes at various levels, guaranteeing great sightlines for all. Not wanting to compete with the lighting or other embellishments of the stage acts, the interior is dark except for the top surface of the booths. The glowing back-lit resin surfaces tie the seating area together even when a stage show is on, and make it a bit easier to gain one’s bearings in the otherwise dark space. Like seating in a Roman amphitheatre, the pods circle and rise from a stage area that can also double as standing room or dance floor in a club set-up.

Forget dinner theatre – here, dinner is theatre. A show kitchen and bar co-exist harmoniously: while a bartender muddles a mojito, a chef grills lip-smackin’ spare ribs beside him. The menu draws from several global cuisines as well as contemporary Indian flavours; fresh cocktails, specialty drinks, a wide range of premium spirits and a good wine selection drives the bar. Tapas-like finger foods and a flexible degustation sampling selection round off the experience.

The Overall experience is a lush, opulent sensory experience that will blow away your head, heart and soul, but not your ears. Blue frog is definitely one of the Hottest Clubs in India and ‘The Hottest in Mumbai’

5 Star Deluxe Hotels in Mumbai

Luxury-Hotels-Mumbai

Mumbai is known as the financial and entertainment capital of India. Five star deluxe hotels in Mumbai host countless tourists all through the year.

Whatever the purpose of visit, most of the domestic and international tourists prefer to stay at Mumbai five star deluxe hotels, lured by their extraordinary services and outstanding hospitality.

To get soaked in opulence and a royal treatment, book yourself a room in one of the many five star deluxe hotels of Mumbai. After staying here once, you will feel like coming back time and again on a tour of Mumbai.

These hotels have myriad options of recreation. Swimming pools, golf courses, Jacuzzis, saunas, spas, tennis and squash courts, pubs, etc can be seen in almost every five star deluxe hotel in Mumbai.

These hotels are a gourmet’s delight. Serving all kinds of international cuisines along with the local food of India, the restaurants of five star deluxe hotels in Mumbai sensitize your taste buds, even as you are unable to satiate your heart. The bars in these hotels serve all brands of alcoholic and nonalcoholic beverages.

As far as accommodation is concerned, the five star deluxe hotels in Mumbai leave no stone unturned in ensuring a luxurious stay for their guests. All modern amenities will be provided for in the rooms of these hotels.

This guide helps you to book the right five star deluxe hotel in Mumbai.

Hotel Grand Hyatt

Rating : 5 Star Deluxe
Location : Santa Cruz
Address :
Off Western Express Highway
Mumbai-400055 India
Accessibility :
International Airport : 9 KM, Domestic Airport : 3 KM, Railway Station : 1 KM

Description :
Grand Hyatt Mumbai is a 5 Star Deluxe Hotel set in the heart of Mumbai’s newly emerging financial and diamond district of Bandra Kurla. The hotel offers the best of accommodation with well equipped modern amenities and services which offers comfortable stay to the tourists. The hotel is a well suited destination for travelers on leisure and on business.

Hotel JW Marriott

Ratings: 5 Star Deluxe
Location : Juhu Beach
Address:
Juhu Tara Road Juhu Beach Mumbai, 400049 India.
Accessibility
:
Airport (Intl): 6 km., Railway Station: 3 km.

Description:
JW Marriott Hotel is located in the Juhu area, overlooking the pristine waters of the Arabian Sea. The hotel is the favourite hotspot of Bollywood celebrities and stars. The hotel offers breathtaking view of the beach from the rooms. JW Marriott Hotel is home to the only one of its kind spa in Mumbai – The Quan Spa and the stylish nightclub – Enigma. With world class food and beverage offerings, the hotel houses India’s finest Italian, Thai, Teppanyaki

Sun-n-Sand

Rating : 5 Star Deluxe
Location : Juhu Beach
Address :
39, Juhu Beach
Mumbai-400049 India
Accessibility
:
International Airport : 10 KM, Domestic Airport : 5 KM

Description :
Sun-n-Sand is situated at Juhu Beach. The hotel is easily accessible from the city center and the airports. The accommodation at the hotel is well-ventilated and gracefully decorated. Hotel Sun-n-Sand has made special provisions for physically challenged. The hotel is a perfect holiday destination for travelers on leisure and on business.

Taj President Hotel

Rating : 5 Star Deluxe
Location : Colaba
Address :
90 Cuffe Parade, Colaba
Mumbai-400005 India
Accessibility :
International Airport : 35 KM, Domestic Airport : 29 KM, Railway Station : 3 KM

Description :
Taj President Hotel offers spectacular views of the harbor and the city. Being a haven of comfort and style it offers a welcome respite of tranquil relaxation and is located in the central business district of the city. The hotel offers amenities and comforts of the modern world. The hotel is a well suited holiday destination for travelers on leisure and on business.

Intercontinental Marine Drive

Rating : 5 Star Deluxe
Location : Marine Drive
Address :
135, Marine Drive
Mumbai-400020 India
Accessibility :
International Airport : 27 KM, Domestic Airport : 17 KM, Railway Station : 1 KM

Description :
Intercontinental Marine Drive is strategically located in the heart of Mumbai. The hotel offers magnificent view of the Arabian Sea and has set new standards for personalized service for business and leisure travelers. The hotel has luxuriously decorated rooms with generous proportions. The hotel offers a variety of cuisines and dining options including a rooftop venue.

Hyatt Regency Mumbai

Rating : 5 Star Deluxe
Location : Near Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport
Address :
Sahar Airport Road
Mumbai-400099 India
Accessibility :
International Airport : 1 KM, Domestic Airport : 5 KM

Description :
Hyatt Regency Mumbai is Mumbai’s premier gateway hotel. The hotel is synonymous with innovative and caring hospitality. It is ideally located to become the preferred hotel for corporate traveler who visits the city. Hyatt Regency Mumbai has beautiful architecture. Its unique lobby design combines Italian marble and structural glass with an abundance of natural light. The hotel offers the best of accommodation and cuisines with highly professional and courteous service, to make the stay memorable. The hotel is a perfect destination for travelers on leisure and on business.

Le Royal Meridien

Rating : 5 Star Deluxe
Location : Andheri
Address :
Sahar Airport Road
Mumbai-400059 India
Accessibility :
International Airport : 1 KM, Domestic Airport : 7 KM, Andheri Railway Station : 4 KM

Description :
Le Royal Meridien Mumbai offers colonial charm with contemporary technology. The hotel is located in the heart of the city. Being a lively melange the hotel offers comfortable and productive stay of the colonial era coupled with well equipped modern amenities and services. The accommodation at the hotel is spacious and tastefully decorated with different hues of wood, set off by wooden floors along with cream and beige soft furnishings. The nearby international airport and vibrancy of the city make Le Royal Meridien Mumbai the perfect meeting location. The elite Royal Club floor of the hotel provides exclusive privileges for the discerning. The restaurants at the hotel present a selection of unique cuisines from around the world. The hotel is a perfect holiday destination for travelers on leisure an on business. Le Royal Meridien Mumbai was awarded with the International Five Star Diamond Award from The American Academy of Hospitality Sciences for two consecutive years – 2006

The Oberoi

Rating : 5 Star Deluxe
Location : Nariman Point
Address :
Nariman Point
Mumbai-400021 India
Accessibility :
International Airport : 27 KM, Domestic Airport : 23 KM, Railway Station : 2 KM

Description :
The Oberoi is part of the Oberoi Group of Hotels and Resorts. The hotel is located in the heart of Mumbai’s business district and overlooks the Arabian Sea. The hotel offers impeccable service, understated luxury and excellent facilities including an exclusive spa and fitness center by Banyan Tree. The hotel offers the best of accommodation with well equipped modern amenities and comforts. The rooms of the hotel are spacious and tastefully decorated. The hotel is a perfect holiday destination for travelers on leisure and on business.

Hotel Leela

Rating : 5 Star Deluxe
Location : Andheri
Address :
Sahar
Mumbai-400059 India
Accessibility :
International Airport : 1.5 KM, Domestic Airport : 6 KM

Description :
The Leela Kempinski Mumbai is set amidst the hustle and bustle of the nation’s financial capital. It reflects the city’s status as the cultural capital of the country and gracefully serves an array of living, dining and lifestyle choices for guests. The hotel is well connected to the city’s business districts. The accommodation at the hotel perfectly reflects the ethos of the city. The rooms of the hotel are spacious and tastefully decorated. The hotel is well suited for travelers on leisure and on business.

ITC Grand Maratha Sheraton

Rating : 5 Star Deluxe
Location : Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport
Address :
Sahar
Mumbai-400012 India
Accessibility :
International Airport : 2 KM, Domestic Airport : 5 KM, Bombay Central Railway Station : 28 KM

Description :
ITC Maratha is one of the leading 5 star deluxe hotels in Mumbai, the commercial capital and dream city of India. It is the only hotel in Mumbai which has a typical Indian look and is reminiscent of an ancient Indian palace. It is in close proximity to the bustling business districts of North and Central Mumbai, the NSE Exhibition Centre, and is at a short distance from Film City, the Bombay Museum, and Borivili National Park.

Intercontinental The Grand

Rating : 5 Star Deluxe
Location : Andheri
Address :
Sahar Airport Road, Andheri (East)
Mumbai-400059 India
Accessibility :
Sahar Airport : 2 KM, Domestic Airport : 7 KM, Andheri Railway Station : 5 KM

Description :
Hotel Intercontinental The Grand is located near Sahar International Airport on an 8-acre site. The hotel has a 8-storey building that has a magnificent architectural facade with a large atrium and indoor patio. Hotel Intercontinental The Grand has two Club Intercontinental floors with a spacious lounge, luxurious suites, business rooms, a business centre, health club

The Taj Mahal Palace

Rating : 5 Star Deluxe
Location : Colaba
Address :
Apollo Bunder, Colaba
Mumbai-400001 India
Accessibility :
International Airport : 32 KM, Domestic Airport : 23 KM, Railway Station : 2.5 KM

Description :
The Taj Mahal Palace is an architectural marvel and brings together Moorish, Oriental and Florentine styles. It has a diverse collection of paintings, works of art, and is a veritable showcase of artifacts and art of the era. The hotel offers the best of accommodation with the well equipped amenities and services of modern world. The hotel is a perfect holiday destination for travelers on leisure and on business.

Taj Lands End

Rating : 5 Star Deluxe
Location : Bandra
Address :
Bandstand, Bandra (West)
Mumbai-400050 India
Accessibility :
International Airport : 12 KM, Domestic Airport : 8 KM, Bandra Railway Station : 2 KM

Description :
Taj Lands End is an exclusive luxury hotel located at Bandra, the elite suburb of Mumbai which is close to the emerging commercial districts of Bandra-Kurla, Andheri and Worli. The hotel is geographically located at the center of the city and is close to shopping and entertainment zones.The hotel was unanimously voted as the Best Business Hotel in Asia from India for the year 2003. It offers the best of accommodation and cuisines with highly professional and courteous service, to make the stay memorable. The hotel is synonymous with innovative and caring hospitality. The hotel is a perfect destination for travelers on leisure and on business.

Prithviraj Kapoor to Kareena Kapoor and Ranbir Kapoor

The-Kapoor-Family

Kapoor is considered to be the best brand name in Bollywood as they have been serving this industry for five generations. Kapoor family have acted, directed or produced in the Bollywood industry, starting from Dewan Basheswarnath Kapoor to Prithviraj Kapoor to Raj Kapoor to Shammi Kapoor, Shashi Kapoor, Randhir Kapoor, Rishi Kapoor, Rajiv Kapoor to Karishma Kapoor, Kareena Kapoor and now Ranbir Kapoor. If the history is unfolded, there comes Dewan Basheswarnath Kapoor (Prithviraj’s father), a retired Sub Inspector of Police in Peshawar (now in Pakistan), who also did a cameo role in his grandson Raj Kapoor’s film, Awara and thus the Kapoors have to date five generations involved in Indian film industry. Of the Kapoo’s family, the first to join films was Prithviraj Kapoor who had been so much passionate about acting since childhood. He always wanted to be an actor but never uttered a word about this reality in front of his family members, as no one was in this business in entire family. But finally he broke the ice and entered the film world and vanquished the flags of his skills in this art.

The Kapoor Family Tree

Dewan Basheswarnath Kapoor

Dewan Basheswarnath Kapoor, Prithviraj’s father, a retired Sub Inspector in Peshawar, was also to make his mark in films. Not to be left out, he did a cameo role in his grandson, Raj Kapoor’s film, “Awara” and thus the Kapoors have to date 5 generations involved in the Cinema world.

Prithviraj Kapoor

Prithviraj Kapoor (3 November 1906 – 29 May 1972) was a noted pioneer of Indian theatre and of the Hindi film industry. Prithviraj Kapoor was born in a middle class landlord family in Samundari, a district of the industrial township of Lyallpur (later renamed Faisalabad), Punjab, now in Pakistan. His father was a Sub Inspector of Police in Peshawar. Prithviraj completed his schooling at Lyallpur and Lahore and then he got admission in Edward College, Peshawar. At age 18 Prithviraj married the 15 year old Ramsarni Mehra, in a match that was arranged by their families. He did graduation from Edward College and then joined a one-year programme of Law. And at last there came a time when Prithviraj gathered courage to pursue his career in acting. He finally decided to walk on the toughest pavements of acting. He took a loan from his aunt and left Peshawar. The days were cold. And Prithviraj continued his travel for Bombay (now Mumbai) in the winter of 1928. Prithviraj’s wife Rama Prithviraj Kapoor was born on 25 December 1908. Soon she lost her parents in the early days of her life. Rama joined Prithviraj in Bombay in the year 1930. Soon Prithviraj set up a drama company, Prithviraj Theaters. There used to be at least 80 members in this company traveling together like a huge family in a third class compartment of train with loads and loads of stage equipment. This drama company was Prithviraj’s first love and meant every thing for him. Soon the company recruited new passionate actors and the figure touched to almost 125 members.

The two (Prithviraj and his wife) were suffering from cancer. Prithviraj said goodbye to the world on 29 May 1972 whereas exactly 16 days from the demise of her husband, Rama Kapoor passed away on 14 June 1972. They left behind them Raj Kapoor, Shammi Kapoor, Shashi Kapoor and a daughter.

Raj Kapoor

Raj (Ranbirraj) Kapoor (December 14, 1924 – June 2, 1988), a legendary name in the Indian film industry, was the eldest son of Prithviraj and Rama Kapoor. He was born in Peshawar. As Prithviraj Kapoor was on the move, his (Raj’s) basic education took place at different locations i.e. he studied in Peshawar, then did part of his schooling in Calcutta and eventually failed to get a form to appear for the Matric examination in Bombay’s Antonia D’ Souza High School. Raj started sailing across the waves of acting and filmmaking. Raj devoted and immersed himself fully to learn the difficult genres of filmmaking in all departments as an assistant. In 1944, he joined Prithviraj’s Theaters and was assigned the duty to handle all that happened backstage right from the lighting of the sets and sound effects and music to art direction. Then he also acted in plays organized by Prithviraj Theaters. As a hero, Raj Kapoor’s first film was Neel Kamal. In 1946, at the age of twenty-two, Raj Kapoor was wed to Krishna Malhotra belonging to Jabalpur in a traditional family-arranged wedding. Krishna was a distant relative of Raj’s being his father’s maternal uncle’s daughter. RK Films, his own production company, came into being in 1947 with his first directorial venture, Aag. Thus there started a long journey of filmmaking. And Raj made Barsat, Awara and many other films of good repute. His most noticeable films as a filmmaker are: Sangam, Mera Naam Joker, Raam Teri Ganga Maile, Laila Majnu, Thokar, Miss Coca Cola and many others. Raj Kapoor suffered from asthma in his later years; he died of complications related to asthma in 1988 at sixty-three years of age.

Shammi Kapoor

Shammi (Shamsherraj) Kapoor was born on October 21, 1931 in Mumbai. He was the second son of son of Prithviraj and Rama Kapoor. The majority of his most successful pictures were made in the late 1950s and 1960s. Shammi Kapoor studied at the New Era School from where he did his Matric. After a short and sweet stay at the Ruia college, he joined his father on the stage in his theatrical company “Prithvi Theatres” as a junior artiste in 1948 on a salary of Rs.50/ per month. he stayed with the theatre till 1952, his last paycheck being Rs.300/. Shammi got married in 1955 to a famous film heroine, Geeta Bali who died of small pox, leaving him with two small children during the filming of Teesri Manzil. Geeta gave birth to two children named Aditya Raj (son) and Kanchan (daughter). In 1969, he again married Neila Devi. Among his famous films are: Tesri Manzil, Tum Sa Nahin Dekha, Baramchari and Pagla Kahin Ka. He acted in a number of films and gave appearances on T.V plays too.

Shashi Kapoor

Shashi (Balbirraj Kapoor) Kapoor born on March 18, 1938 in Calcutta, is an Indian film actor and producer and a member of the famous Kapoor family, an influential film dynasty in India’s Bollywood cinema. He is the younger brother of Raj Kapoor and Shammi Kapoor, the son of Prithviraj Kapoor. Shashi emerged on silver screen as a talented actor. He gave numerous hits being a romantic face hero. In July, 1958, he married the British actress Jennifer Kendal and they acted in a number of films together, most notably in the Merchant Ivory productions. He had three children with Kendal; Karan Kapoor, Kunal Kapoor and Sanjana Kapoor all of whom for a short while became film actors. Kendal died of cancer in 1984.

Randhir Kapoor

Randhir Kapoor was born on 15 February 1947. Dabboo, as he is popularily known is the eldest son of Raj Kapoor. He is a fourth generation Kapoor and comes from a distinguished family who have been part of the industry for many years. Randhir Kapoor made his acting and directorial debut with Kal Aaj Aur Kal (1971) which also starred his wife, father and grandfather. The film was produced under the R.K banner and was an average success. After the 1984 film Khazana he quit acting and took to producing and directing. In 1991 he directed the film Henna which was at first directed by his father but he died during the production of the film and Randhir completed the film for him. He earned a Filmfare nomination as Best Director. Randhir got married to a leading actress of the film industry, Babita. Randhir and Babita gave birth to daughters, Karishma and Kareena. Babita was active in the movie industry until the time of her wedding. The Kapoor family tradition mandated her withdrawal from film upon marriage. After some time, they separated and Babita took their daughters with her. They did not get back together, and lived separately. Despite the Kapoor family tradition, Babita encouraged her daughters to become film stars and to indulge in controversial western costumes (which were thought to be scandalous in prior years).

Rishi Kapoor

Rishi Kapoor better known as Chintoo Kapoor was born on September 4, 1952 in Mumbai. He is the second son of famous film director and star Raj Kapoor. His brothers are well-known actors: Randhir Kapoor and Rajiv Kapoor. Rishi is the paternal uncle of today’s actresses Karisma Kapoor and Kareena Kapoor. Mr. Rishi Kapoor is the proud father of Ranbir Kapoor. Rishi married actress Neetu Singh, with whom he had several hit movies, in 1980. They have two children named Ranbir Kapoor and Ridhima Kapoor. Mr. Kapoor first debuted in his father’s 1970 film Mera Naam Joker, playing his father’s role as a child. As a hero, his first film was Boby in 1973, opposite Dimple Kapadia under the production of his father, which became an instant hit with youngsters. After the stupendous success of Boby, Rishi gave hits like Raffoo Chakkar, Khel Khel Mein, Laila Majnu and Hum Kisi Se Kum Nahin. Sargam and Karz were his other magnificent hits, which made him a household name in India. He has since then appeared in hundreds of movies. He played the lead role romancing young heroines till the year 2000 with the delayed release of Karobaar: The Business of Love.

Rajiv Kapoor

Rajiv Kapoor known as Chimpu Kapoor was born 25 August 1962. He is the youngest son of famous actor/director Raj Kapoor. He had a short stint in the Hindi film industry, acting in only 13 films. He was not as successful as his other brothers Randhir and Rishi, but he is noted for his role in Ram Teri Ganga Maili (1985) starring opposite Mandakini which was one of the biggest hits of the year. He acted in a string of other unsuccessful films and made his last film appearance in Zimmedaar which released in 1990. He then turned to producing and directing. As a filmmaker, he made Prem Granth featuring brother Rishi Kapoor and Madhuri Dixit. Besides, he made some other box office hits too. In 2001, he tied the knot with Delhi based girl Aarti Sabharal an architect, but the marriage ended in divorce two years later.

Karishma Kapoor

Karisma Kapoor, nicknamed “Lolo” was born on 25 June 1974 in Mumbai. Making her film debut in 1991, Kapoor went on to become one of the most popular actresses of her generation. During her career years, she has been part of many commercially and critically successful films, Raja Hindustani being the most notable of them, as it was one of the biggest hits of its decade, and won Kapoor her first Filmfare Best Actress Award. She surprised critics and audiences with her performances in art films such as Fiza (2000) and Zubeidaa (2001), for which she earned a Best Actress and Best Actress (Critics) awards at the Filmfare ceremony. Since then, she has worked in several films though most of them performed poorly at the box office. On 29 September 2003, she married industrialist Sanjay Kapur, CEO of Sixt India. In typical Kapoor tradition, Karisma was married at her grandfather, the late Raj Kapoor’s home, R K Cottage. The couple opted for an hour-long Sikh ceremony. The couple has one daughter named Samaira, who was born on 11 March 2005. After the birth of her daughter, there was considerable rift between her and her husband. The couple has subsequently patched-up.

Kareena Kapoor

Kareena Kapoor Bebo was born September 21, 1980. Following her star sister Karishma Kapoor’s footsteps, Kareena decided to try her hand at acting and proved the fact that she belongs to Kapoor family. After schooling, Kareena joined Mithibhai College to do commerce in Mumbai. In between eleventh and twelfth, she went to Harvard University in USA to do short courses in microcomputers and information technology. Then she joined a drama school and did a course of short duration over there. Upon completion of the courses, she made her way back to home and finished her twelfth. Then Kareena went to her dream island, Bollywood. Making her acting debut with Refugee (2000), for which she won a Filmfare Best Female Debut Award, Kareena Kapoor had her first commercial success with her second release, Mujhe Kucch Kehna Hai. Later that year, she was noticed for her performance in Karan Johar’s melodrama Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham, which became India’s top-grossing film in the overseas market that year and her biggest commercial success to date. Now the road towards success was smooth for Kareena, though the Kapoor name was there but she actually made her way with her remarkable skills of acting. Today she has many hits to her credit i.e. Mujhe Kuch Kehna Hai, Ajnabi, Kabhi Khushi Kabhi Gham and Yadeen. Lovely Kareena is now the center of attraction of every filmmaker of Bollywood from JP Dutta to Subash Ghai, Karan Johar to Abbas-Mustan. In 2007, Kareena Kapoor earned her first Filmfare Best Actress Award for her performance in the commercially successful comedy-romance Jab We Met. Despite not having that many hits to her credit, Kareena Kapoor has established herself as one of the leading actresses of Bollywood.

Ranbir Kapoor

Ranbir Kapoor was born on September 28, 1982 in Mumbai. He is the son of actors Rishi Kapoor and Neetu Singh. Kapoor made his debut in November 2007 with Sanjay Leela Bhansali’s Saawariya opposite newcomer Sonam Kapoor. The film failed to do well at the box office,[2] though he received many positive reviews for his portrayal of the lovesick singer, Ranbir Raj. Critic, Taran Adarsh commented, “Ranbir Kapoor is supremely talented, no two opinions on that. Yes, he looks handsome, but what you carry home is the sincerity in his performance. If that’s the [high] level of performance in his debut film, this lad will only make the Kapoor clan proud in years to come. It’s a 10 on 10 for this debutante. Kapoor is currently filming for Siddharth Anand’s Bachna Ae Haseenon along with Bipasha Basu, Deepika Padukone and Minissha Lamba.

Commercial Airlines in India

Commercial Airlines in India

Indian Airlines is the only state-owned airline in the country. Liberalization of the aviation sector has meant that a number of private airlines have been formed and are now competing with Indian Airlines. Private airlines too which fly to several important cities in the country. Some of the private airlines are: Damania, Jet Airways, Sahara, Archana Airways and Skyline NEPC among others.

Major Commercial Airlines in India

Air India

It is the national flag carrier of India with a worldwide network of passenger and cargo services. It is the only state-owned airline in the country, having recently merged with Indian Airlines. Its main bases are Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport, Mumbai and Indira Gandhi International Airport, Delhi. The airline connects 146 international and domestic destinations around the world, including 12 gateways in India with Air India Express, a fully-owned subsidiary of Air India.

Air-India Express

It is a low-cost airline subsidiary of Air India based in Mumbai, India. It operates services mainly to the Middle East. Its main base is Cochin International Airport, Kochi, with a hub at Trivandrum International Airport, Thiruvananthapuram.

Alliance Air

It was a low-cost airline based in New Delhi, India. It operates 357 weekly flights to 44 domestic destinations and was a subsidiary of Indian Airlines. Its main base is Indira Gandhi International Airport, Delhi. Following the merger of Indian Airlines with Air India the airline’s 737-200 aircraft were withdrawn from service and the airline was renamed Air India Regional.

Blue Dart Aviation

It is a cargo airline based in Chennai, India. It operates scheduled night express cargo flights including domestic and regional charters. It has an in-house maintenance capability and provides aircraft maintenance and engineering support to other airlines. Its main bases are Chennai International Airport, Hindustan Airport, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport and Indira Gandhi International Airport, with hubs at Rajiv Gandhi International Airport, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport and Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport.

Deccan Airline

It is an airline based in Bangalore, India. It was India’s first low-cost carrier. Its main base is HAL Bangalore International Airport, with a secondary hub at Chennai International Airport, Chennai.

Kingfisher Airlines Limited

It is an airline based in Bangalore, India. It is a major Indian airline operating 218 flights a day and has an extensive network of 37 destinations, with plans for regional and long-haul international services. Its main bases are Bangalore International Airport, Bangalore, Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport, Mumbai and Indira Gandhi International Airport, Delhi.

Deccan Aviation

It is an aviation company based in Bangalore, India that owns the airline Air Deccan and operates helicopter and fixed-wing charter services. Its main base is HAL Bangalore International Airport.

GoAir

It is a low-cost airline based in Mumbai, India. It operates domestic passenger services to 11 cities with 385 weekly flights. Its main base is Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport, Mumbai.

IndiGo Airlines

It is a private domestic low-cost airline based in Gurgaon, India. It operates domestic services linking 14 destinations. Its main base is Indira Gandhi International Airport, Delhi.

Jet Airways (India) Ltd.

It is an airline based in Mumbai, India, operating domestic and international services. It operates over 360 daily flights to 43 destinations across India and 15 destinations around the world. Its main base is Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport in Mumbai with other major hubs at Indira Gandhi International Airport, Delhi, Anna International Airport, Chennai, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport, Kolkata, Bangalore International Airport, Bangalore, and Brussels Airport, Brussels.

JetLite  formerly Air Sahara

It is an airline based in New Delhi, India.Controlled by Jet Airways, the airline operates scheduled services connecting metropolitan centres in India. The airline also provides helicopters which are available for charter services and aerial photography. Its main base is Indira Gandhi International Airport, New Delhi, with hubs at Rajiv Gandhi International Airport, Hyderabad, Chatrapati Shivaji International Airport, Mumbai, Chennai International Airport, Chennai, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport,Ahmedabad and Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport, Kolkata.

Paramount Airways

It is an airline based in Madurai, India. It operates scheduled services, mainly targeting business travelers. Its hub is Chennai International Airport.

MDLR Airlines

It is an airline based in Gurgaon, near Delhi, India. It operates scheduled domestic services.

SpiceJet

Its a low-cost airline based in New Delhi, India. It began service in May 2005. It was voted as the best low-cost airline in South Asia and Central Asia region by Skytrax in 2007.

National Insignia of India (Part 2)

national-Insignia-of-India

national-Insignia-of-India

National Insignia of India (Part 2), here we’ll know about the National Bird, National Animal, National Tree, National Fruit and National Flower.

India’s National Bird

Male bird of species P. cristatus, is a native of India, with striking plumage and upper tail converts marked with iridescent ocelli, able to expand its tail erect like fan as ostentatious display. Peacocks are related to pheasants.

Found wild in India (and also domesticated in villages) they live in jungle lands near water. They were once bred for food but now hunting of peacocks is banned in India. The peahen has no plumage. These birds do not sound as beautiful as they look – they have a harsh call.

India’s National Animal

Large Asiatic carnivorous feline quadruped, Panthera Tigris, maneless, of tawny yellow colour with blackish transverse stripes and white belly, proverbial for its power and its magnificence.

There are very few tigers left in the world today. A decade ago the tiger population in India had dwindled to a few hundreds. The Government of India, under its Project Tiger programme, started a massive effort to preserve the tiger population. Today, thanks to Project Tiger, India’s population of tigers has considerably increased.

India’s National Tree

Indian fig tree, Ficus bengalensis, whose branches root themselves like new trees over a large area. The roots then give rise to more trunks and branches. Because of this characteristic and its longevity, this tree is considered immortal and is an integral part of the myths and legends of India. Even today, the banyan tree is the focal point of village life and the village council meets under the shade of this tree.

India’s National Fruit

A fleshy fruit, eaten ripe or used green for pickles etc., of the tree Mangifera indica, the mango is one of the most important and widely cultivated fruits of the tropical world. Its juicy fruit is a rich source of Vitamins A, C and D. In India there are over100 varieties of mangoes, in different sizes, shapes and colours. Mangoes, have been cultivated in India from time immemorial. The poet Kalidasa sang its praises. Alexander savoured its taste, as did the Chinese pilgrim Hieun Tsang. Akbar planted 100,000 mango trees in Darbhanga, known as Lakhi Bagh.

India’s National Flower

The Lotus or water lily is an aquatic plant of Nymphaea with broad floating leaves and bright fragrant flowers that grow only in shallow waters. The leaves and flowers float and have long stems that contain air spaces. The big attractive flowers have many petals overlapping in a symmetrical pattern. The root functions are carried out by rhizomes that fan out horizontally through the mud below the water. Lotuses, prized for their serene beauty, are delightful to behold as their blossoms open on the surface of a pond. In India the sacred lotus is legendary and much folklore and religious mythology is woven around it.

In this post we’ve covered about 5 National Insignia of India, rest are covered in the previous post i.e. National Insignia of India.