Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh’s Biography
Dr. Manmohan Singh is India’s 13th Prime Minister. He was elected as Prime Minister in the 14th Lok Sabha Elections held in 2004. He is the only Prime Minister since Jawaharlal Nehru to return to power after completing a full five-year term, 7th Prime Minister belonging to the Indian National Congress party, first Sikh to hold the office.The Prime Minister of India Dr. Manmohan Singh is probably the most qualified politician and leader in the world.
Manmohan Singh was born on 26 September 1932 Gah, Punjab, British India, is the 13th and current (till this biography has written) Prime Minister of the Republic of India. He is the first Indian Prime Minister since Jawaharlal Nehru to return to power after completing a full five-year term. He is the first Sikh to hold the post. Singh is also the 7th Prime Minister under an Indian National Congress Government.
Manmohan Singh was born to Gurmukh Singh and Amrit Kaur on 26 September 1932,in Gah, Punjab (now in Chakwal District, Pakistan), British India, into a Sikh family. At a very young age, he lost his mother Amrit kaur and then his grandmother, to whom he was very close, raised him. In his childhood, he was always a hardworking student studying in candlelight because there was no electricity in the village he stayed. After the Partition of India, his family migrated to India and stayed in Amritsar, Punjab, and there he took admission in Hindu College. For his higher studied in the field of Economics he attended Punjab University, Chandigarh. He attained his Bachelor’s as well as Master’s degree in 1952 and 1954 respectively. He always stood first throughout his academic years. As a member of St. John’s College, he went on to read for Economic Tripos at Cambridge University.
He has always been a marvelous student with great intelligence that won him various awards and recognitions. To mention a few early recognitions include Wright’s Prize for distinguished performance in 1955 and 1957 and he was also one of the few recipients of the Wrenbury scholarship. Singh married Gursharan Kaur in 1958. However, the family has largely stayed out of the limelight. Their three daughters – Upinder, Daman and Amrit, have successful, non-political, careers. Upinder Singh is a professor of history at Delhi University. She has written six books, including Ancient Delhi (1999) and A History of Ancient and Early Medieval India (2008). Daman Singh is a graduate of St. Stephen’s College, Delhi and Institute of Rural Management, Anand, Gujarat, and author of The Last Frontier: People and Forests in Mizoram and a novel Nine by Nine. Amrit Singh is a staff attorney at the ACLU.
Manmohan Singh, in 1962, completed his studies from the University of Oxford where he was a member of Nuffield College. The title of his doctoral thesis was “India’s export performance, 1951–1960, export prospects and policy implications” and his thesis supervisor was Dr. I.M.D. Little. This thesis later grew into the book “India’s Export Trends and Prospects for Self-Sustained Growth”.
His career began in the year 1966 while working for United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). After spending 3 years at UNCTAD he then taught at the University of Delhi and worked for the Ministry of Foreign Trade with the former Cabinet Minister for Foreign Trade, Lalit Narayan Mishra, the first person to recognize Singh’s talent. Lalit Narayan then appointed Singh as “Advisor at the Ministry of State”.
In the year 1982, Manmohan Singh was appointed as RBI (Reserve Bank of India) Governor. He held this post until 1985. From 1985 till 1987 he served as the Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission of India. In 1991, then Prime Minister P.V. Narsimharao chose him as the Finance Minister of India and served for 5 long years till 1996. In the span of these 5 years ( 1991 – 96) he carried out various reforms that resulted in the end of License Raj System that helped Indian Economy to greater international trade and investments.
In the year 1997 he was presented with an Honorary Doctor of Laws by University of Alberta. The University of Oxford awarded him an honorary Doctor of Civil Law degree in June 2006, and in October 2006, the University of Cambridge followed with the same honor. St. John’s College further honored him by naming a PhD Scholarship after him, the Dr Manmohan Singh Scholarship.
Following the 2004 general elections, Singh was unexpectedly declared as the Prime Ministerial candidate of the Indian National Congress-led United Progressive Alliance. He was sworn in as the prime minister on 22 May 2004, along with the First Manmohan Singh Cabinet. After the Indian National Congress won the 2009 general elections, On 22 May 2009, Manmohan Singh was sworn in for his second tenure as the Prime Minister at the Asoka Hall of Rashtrapati Bhavan.
In 2010, TIME magazine listed him among the 100 most influential people in the world. Newsweek magazine also lists him as one of 10 world leaders who have won respect and was described as “the leader other leaders love”.
Eminent writer Khushwant Singh lauded Mr. Singh as the best Prime Minister India has had; even rating him higher than Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India. He mentioned of an incident in his book Absolute Khushwant: The Low-Down on Life, Death and Most things In-between where after losing the 1999 Lok Sabha elections, Mr.Singh immediately returned Rs 2 lakh he had borrowed from the writer for hiring taxis. Terming him as the best example of integrity, Mr. Khushwant Singh stated, “When people talk of integrity, I say the best example is the man who occupies the country’s highest office.”