The Heart of India is Madhya Pradesh, and the hearth of Madhya Pradesh is Khajuraho. Khajuraho is an example of rich cultural heritage of India. One of the top tourist destination famous for its sculptures, temples and architecture. The realistic sculptures of the temples are famous world wide. These temples were built during the Chandela Empire. Most of the temples depict the lifestyle of a woman in medieval age. They represent life in 11th century.
The Sculptures of Khajuraho are an example of a highly matured civilization. These temples were constructed in between 950 – 1050 A.D. The name Khajuraho came from the tree “Khajur” (the date palm tree) which is found in good number in this region.
Facts about Khajuraho
- Khajuraho is one of the UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- Khajuraho is famous for its erotic sculpturesadorning the temples.
- The largest group of medieval Hindu and Jain temples are found in Khajuraho.
- The name Khajuraho is derived from ‘khajur’, which means ‘date palm’.
- It was constructed between 950 and 1050 AD.
- Now there are only 22 temples left after the natural calamities. Prior ther were a total of 85 temples at Khajuraho.
- The Khajuraho temples were discovered in 20th.
- These temples are considered the “high point” of Indian architectural genius during the medieval times.
- The temples of Khajuraho are divided into three divisions – western, eastern and southern.
- The Western group is home to the largest and most typical Khajuraho temple, dedicated to Kandariya Mahadev.
- The fascinating sculptures of Khajuraho represent an expression of a highly matured civilization.
- One Myth regarding the Khajuraho temples is that they are filled with erotic sculptures. Rather it is a very small part. Yes it does contain sensuous sculptures.
- Archeological Survey of India has ranked Khajuraho temples as the best preserved monuments of antiquity.
- Few temples in Khajuraho are dedicated to Jain pantheon and the rest to Hindu deities – to God’s Trio, Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva and various Devi forms, such as the Devi Jagadambi.
- The temples are built of sandstone in different shades of buff, pink and pale yellow.
- The divine sculptures in Khajuraho temples are a tribute to Life itself.
- The images of Goddesses and Gods sculpted on the temple walls represent the many manifestations of the divine Shakti and Shiva, the female and male principles, the Yin and the Yang.
- The rooms inside the temple are inter-connected and placed in an East/West line. Each contains an entrance, a hall, a vestibule and a sanctum
- Khajuraho temples, constructed with spiral superstructures, adhere to a North Indian shikhara temple style and often to a Panchayatana plan.