Considered to be one of the most popular fruits, guava brings back many childhood memories. And, those who have guava orchard or at their grandparents’ places are the ones who cherish these memories profoundly. But, some neglect this fruit because of their hardness and presence of seeds. Once you find out the health benefits of guava, you are soon to grab one and bite on it. In this article, we have assembled the medicinal properties, nutritional and health benefits of guava. Read on.
What is Guava?
Guava, known as Amrood in Hindi, is a tropical fruit, cultivated in tropical and sub-tropical regions. This fruit is often consumed raw in different range of ripeness, as an ingredient of several dishes, and as a refreshing juice. Native to Mexico, Central America and northern South America, guava belongs to family Myrtaceae, and the scientific name is Psidium guajava. Guava is known as the winter national fruit of Pakistan and India was the largest producer of guava in 2011.
Some Interesting Facts About Guava
- Guava is a perennial plant and lives up to 40 years.
- There are around 100-500 seeds in the center of guava.
- Tea made from young guava leaves is good for cleansing wounds.
- Guava has around 150 varieties.
- India produces about 27,000 tons of pink guavas every year.
- The largest plantation of guava is done in Brazil.
- The wood of guava is used to make hair combs in El Salvador.
- In the ancient Philippine mythology, guava was forbidden until a child prayed to God to make it edible so he could feed a beggar.
- Now, in the Philippines, ripe guavas are used to flavor a soup called ‘sinigang’.
- The guava plant requires negligible use of pesticides, and hence considered among the least chemically treated fruits in the world.
Nutritional Value of Guava
The nutritional value of 100 grams of guava is given below:
- Energy: 68 kcal
- Carbohydrates: 14.32 g
- Sugars: 8.92 g
- Dietary Fiber: 5.4 g
- Fat: 0.95 g
- Proteins: 2.55 g
- Vitamin A equiv.: 31 μg
- Beta-carotene: 374 μg
- Thiamine: 0.067 mg
- Riboflavin: 0.04 mg
- Niacin: 1.084 mg
- Pantothenic acid: 0.451 mg
- Vitamin B-6: 0.11 mg
- Folate: 49 μg
- Vitamin C: 228.3 mg
- Vitamin K: 2.2 μg
- Vitamin A equiv.: 31 μg
- Calcium: 18 mg
- Copper: 0.230 mg
- Iron: 0.26 mg
- Magnesium: 22 mg
- Manganese: 0.15 mg
- Phosphorus: 40 mg
- Potassium: 417 mg
- Sodium: 2 mg
- Zinc: 0.23 mg
- Other Constituents
- Lycopene: 5204 µg
Health Benefits of Guava
Packed with numerous essential nutrients, guava is sure to provide some impressive health benefits.
1. Copper Richness
The nutritional benefits of guava owe to the presence of copper. This mineral is known for regulating good function of thyroid gland. It controls absorption and production of thyroid hormones.
2. Folate for Fertility
Guava helps you meet the daily requirement of folate that promotes fertility in human beings. A form of folate called folic acid in guava aids in the development of fetus.
3. Rich in Manganese
Another key nutrient found in guava is manganese. It enhances the bioavailability of other nutrients in our body. Manganese absorbs these nutrients from the food we eat and regulates their utilization.
4. High Potassium Content
A whopping 41% of 100 grams of guava is made up of potassium which is more than banana and meets 9% of your daily requirements. Potassium helps in building muscle mass and burning of fat. Ring any bell about the fats you want to lose?
5. Fiber Enriched
Fiber is an essential nutrient for digestion and is found abundantly in guava. In addition to this, fiber makes you feel fuller and cuts down the saturated fats which are absorbed by your body.
6. Is Guava Good for Weight Loss?
So, the bell has already been rung! Yes, guava is good for weight loss. The potassium and fiber plays a major role in helping lose your extra weight. Additionally, guava contains zero cholesterol and very low carbohydrates which make it ideal fruit for weight loss.
7. Controls Diabetes
The fiber content in guava is beneficial for reducing blood sugar level. Additionally, guava slows down the absorption of sugar in the blood. Regular intake of guava juice can lower the chances of developing type-2 diabetes. Guava leaves are also used in the herbal treatment of diabetes.
8. Promotes Eye Health
Presence of vitamin A in guava promises to improve your vision health and eyesight. Vitamin A is known for treating night blindness. Furthermore, it slows down the formation of age-related cataracts and macular degeneration. Guava also protects the cells in the eyes.
9. Improves Blood Pressure
Imbalance cholesterol in the blood increases blood pressure and leads to hypertension. Guava prevents the deposition of cholesterol in the arteries and improves the fluidity of the blood. Furthermore, fiber and potassium in guava ease the flow of blood and reduce blood pressure.
10. Relaxes Nerves and Muscles
Excessive exercise can create stress in the nerves and the muscles. Magnesium present in guava is a natural nerve relaxant which eases the function of muscles and nerves.
11. Good for Cognitive Function
Abundance of Vitamin B-3 and B-6 in guava stimulates the cognitive function of brain and keeps it healthy. These vitamins are good for your brain, and enhance learning abilities and concentration.
12. Detoxifies the Body
The high fiber content makes guava a natural cleanser of our body. It helps liver in detoxifying the body and simultaneously aids in the removal of toxins. Fiber is also known for adding bulk to the stool, thus making the elimination of waste material easy.
13. Guava Benefits for Stomach
It’s the fiber again! It acts as a natural laxative and treats constipation. As mentioned above, guava aids in the bowel movement, retains water, and cleanses the intestine. Furthermore, guava is good for your stomach as it contains astringent properties which treat stomach disorders, such as diarrhea and dysentery. Eating raw guava adds volume to the loose bowels and prevents the symptoms the diarrhea.
14. Fights Infections
Guava is natural disinfectant and has anti-bacterial properties which inhibit microbial growth in our body. These properties relive the infections cause by harmful microbes by creating a hostile environment for them.
15. Cures Cold and Cough
Tea made from guava leaves is one of the best remedy for cold and cough. It reduces the mucus that clogged the respiratory tract and ease the process of respiration. Guava contains vitamin C and iron that disinfects the throat and lungs while suffering from cold and cough. Roasted ripe guava is good for relieving congestion due to cold and cough.
16. Combats Cancer
Along with vitamin C (a powerful antioxidants), guava contains lycopene which helps in fighting cancer. These vital nutrients fight free radicals in the body and reduce the chances of developing cancerous cells. Moreover, they prevent the mutation of body cells into cancerous ones.
17. Fights Flu
Flu is a common disease that occurs whenever the weather is unfavorable. Presence of vitamin C in guava spikes your immunity during such climatic conditions, and prevents you from viruses that cause flu. Drinking guava juice will help you extract the vitamin C.
18. Treats Scurvy
The deficiency of vitamin C causes scurvy. Abundance of vitamin C in guava can out do the performance of citrus fruits in treating scurvy. Guava contains four time more vitamin C than oranges. Hence, it is good f an antidote for scurvy.
20. Benefits of Guava During Pregnancy
Guava is a rich source of folic acid which is beneficial for pregnant women. It is required for the development of the baby, and even prevents neurological disorders in the newborn.
21. Improves Blood Circulation
Iron and high level of potassium in guava helps in the circulatory system of our body. It not only improves the blood flow but also reverses the effects of excessive sodium in our body.
22. Keeps the Heart Healthy
The ability to improve circulation and reduce blood pressure is the positive sign of keeping your heart healthy. Guava improves the good cholesterol in our blood and lowers LDL cholesterol and triglycerides. Additionally, it prevents the oxidation of this harmful cholesterol, thereby reducing the risk of heart diseases.
23. Good for Teeth
The juice of guava leaves is a good remedy for toothache. It speeds up the healing process of swollen gums and oral ulcers. Furthermore, guava reduces the rate of convulsions and epilepsy.
24. Guava Benefits for Babies
The presence of vital nutrient in guava is good for babies. It improves the digestive health, development of brain, and even fights microbial infections. You can introduce guava to your babies long after introducing the solid food. You must consult your pediatrician for the accurate time.
Benefits of Guava for Your Skin
The list doesn’t end at the nutritional benefits. Look at how guava can beautify your skin.
25. Good for Skin Whitening
Guava provides freshness and radiance to your skin. To improve your complexion, mix the flesh of guava with egg yolk and apply it on your skin. Leave it for 20 minutes and wash off with warm water. Use this as scrub to remove dead cells and lighten your skin tone.
26. Delays the Sign of Aging
As mentioned earlier, guava is the powerhouse of antioxidants that fight free radicals and prevent the premature aging of skin. Additionally, lycopene in guava that protect the skin cells from environmental damage which may lead to appearance of wrinkles and fine lines.
27. Protects from UV Rays
The lycopene content of guava is more than that in tomatoes and works effectively in protecting your skin from UV rays.
28. Good for Skin Tightening
A mixture of immature guava fruit and leaves is one of the natural toners that tighten the skin. This tightening effect improves the skin texture and the elasticity of the skin. Wash your face with this concoction to tighten your skin and revitalize it.
29. Hydrates the Skin
Water is an excellent source of hydrating the skin. 81% of the guava is made up of water which retains the moisture in your skin and makes it glow.
30. Treats Skin Problems
There is a never-ending list of skin problems that you face every now and then. A blend of immature guava fruit and its leaves can help you treat blackheads and itchiness of skin. Vitamin K found in guava is good for reducing skin redness and irritation as improves blood coagulation. Furthermore, guava alleviates other skin problems, such as dark circles, spider veins, rosacea, acne irritation, and splotchiness of skin.
Guava Benefits for Your Hair
Known for the richness of minerals and vitamins, guava also provides benefits to your hair.
31. Hair Loss Remedy
Looking for a solution for uncontrollable hair loss? You have landed to the right place. Yes, guava combats hair fall problems and promotes its growth.
32. Maintains Hair Health
Guava is a rich source of nutrients, including Vitamin A, vitamin C, folic acid, potassium, copper, manganese, fiber, flavonoids and other phytochemicals, that work together to improve the health of your hair. It even plays a major role in boosting the hair growth.
33. Conditions Your Hair
Regularly washing your hair with guava leaves water nourishes your scalp and conditions the hair. This treats hair problems, such as dandruff, dry scalp, split ends and damage of hair.
Phew! We can end the list here. Did you ever realize that this small fruit can provide you innumerable benefits? Here, you are with the list that doesn’t seem to end. Eat it raw, cook it, drink its juice, and reap all the benefits. Remember, it’s not just the fruit, but the leaf of this fruit also homes many benefits, particularly to enhance your skin and hair.