The Film and Television Institute of India (FTII) is located in the grounds of erstwhile Prabhat Studios, comprising a number of buildings standing in 21 acres of land. The entire property including a sizeable amount of motion picture equipment and properties was acquired by the Government of India for a sum of Rs. 11.20 lacs in April 1960. The FTII was established by the Government of India in the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting in 1960 on the recommendation of the Film Enquiry Committee. The aim was to impart training in the art and techniques of film making. The syllabus and the study courses were decided upon the advice of Remy Tessonneau, Director of the Paris Institute des Hautes Etudes Cinematographiques (IDHEC). He visited Pune in March, 1961 to prepare a draft outline for teaching of five courses: Screen-play, writing-cum-Direction, Motion Picture Photography, Sound Recording and Editing. Regular courses were started from 1961. Television Training Wing which started functioning in 1971 in New Delhi moved to Pune in October 1974. The FTII became a society under the Registration of Societies Act of 1860 in the month of October. It was fully aided by the Government of India, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.
Aims and objectives
The Film Wing of the Institute is intended to provide technical training in the production of films and to conduct research in various fields associated with films. The main functions of the institute are to:
- Impart training in all aspects of film production and other allied subjects
- Co-ordinate the activities for training of technicians in India
- To grant certificates and diplomas to successful trainees who have completed the prescribed course
Nature of training
Theoretical and practical training is imparted to the students of various courses. The Institute is well equipped with sophisticated sound recording equipments, editing machines and modern movie cameras. It also has two studious and three projection theaters. The institute also possesses a modern film processing lab for processing 35mm and 16mm black and white film. The library has a good collection of books on various subjects connected with film-making and subscribes to both Indian and Foreign periodicals. It also has a separate Film Library with films from both Indian and foreign, apart from films made by the students and also contains a good collection of Indian and western music discs.
The FTII is recognized as one of the five prestigious film schools in the world that teaches proper film course funded by government. The Institute is also the member of the famous CILECT organization. The Institute is more famous for serious practioners of Cinema. In particular, the excellence of the technical training, given in the course of Motion Picture Photography, Sound Recording and Sound Engineering and Editing has been largely adorned. Almost all diploma holders in these subjects have secured employment in Government Departments or in areas of private enterprise where the skills are needed.
The producers often make a visit to the institute to select promising actors and technicians. K.K. Mahajan has twice won the President’s Gold Medal for the best black and white cinematography. Mani Kaul has twice won the Critic’s prize for his films Uski Roti and Asad Ka Ek Din. Rehana Sultan was awarded the distinction of being chosen as the best actress at the National Film Festival.
The annual budget of the Institute is around Rs 10 crore. Out of this the planned expenditure of Rs 2.1 crore is for the Film Wing and Rs 3.1 crore for the Television Wing . The non-planned expenditure is Rs 3.5 crore.
The Institute along with the National Film Archives co-conducts an eight-week Film Appreciation course for the general public. This is conducted during the student’s vacations period to teach the basics aspects of film-making, editing and various other activities.
Courses in Film and Television
- Art Direction
- Animation and Computer Graphics
- Feature Film Screenplay Writing
Courses in Television
- Electronic Cinematography
- Video Editing
- Audiography and TV Engineering.