Delhi – One of The Oldest Cities of The World
Delhi the capital city of India is believed to be one of the oldest cities of the world. One can see the evidences of continuous in-habitation here since 6th century BC. Today it is called the National Capital Territory of Delhi. It is also the largest metropolis by area and second largest in population in India. Delhi also stands at eighth position in the list of world’s largest metropolis by population.
Delhi is located on the banks of River Yamuna which is the largest tributary river of the Ganges (Ganga) in northern India. Delhi is believed to be the legendary capital of Pandavas. Legend estimates it to be over 5,000 years old. Over the millennia, Delhi is said to have been built and destroyed 11 times. The oldest alleged incarnation of the city shows up in the Indian mythological epic Mahabharata as Indraprastha.
During Mughal era Delhi became an important city and re-emerged as a major political, cultural and commercial city. Today, you can see various historic sites that have been here since 10th century. Some of these sites are in good condition and some are just in ruins. It is the site of many ancient and medieval monuments, archaeological sites and remains.
In late 18th century British got hold of the major parts in India and then Calcutta became the capital city of British held territories. British had captured Delhi by 1857 and George V announced in 1911 that the capital of British controlled parts of India would move back to Delhi. A new capital city, New Delhi, was built to the south of the old city during the 1920s.
Must visit heritage sites in Delhi
Qila Rai Pithora
Ruins of Siri
Purana Qila – ruins of Shergarh Red Fort