Mehendi / henna is a flowering plant, the sole species in the genus Lawsonia in the family Lythraceae. Henna, produces a red-orange dye molecule called lawsone. This molecule has an affinity for bonding with protein, and thus has been used to dye skin, hair, fingernails, leather, silk and wool. It is usually drawn on the palms and feet, where the color will be darkest because the skin contains higher levels of keratin which binds temporarily to lawsone, the colorant of henna. Henna was originally used as a form of decoration mainly for brides.
Henna also has medicinal properties which help to lower body temperature, condition skin and nails, etc. This increases the uniqueness and importance of henna/mehendi.
Henna is a natural pigment made from henna leaves crushed into a fine powder and then mixed into a paste. Ready made henna can be bought in tubes and squeezed over a stencil or squeezed directly onto the skin to form a design. The henna pigment can last on the skin for 10 days or longer and creates a brownish red “tattoo”.
Temporary tattoos are a great way to adorn your body with a unique design without having to commit to the pain, expense and permanence of a real tattoo. They also provide an ideal opportunity to try on many different designs to match your mood, your clothing or an occasion when you want to stand out from the crowd.
Henna tattoos are popular for those people that wish to get a tattoo without the pain associated and the permanence of the ink in the skin. Henna tattoos can last up to four weeks and are created through henna powder which is made into a paste and applied to the skin.
Simple lotus tattoo on the back
The trend of tattooing back using henna is not that popular in India.
Beautiful henna tattoo on the calf